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A critical analysis of three psychological research programs of doping behaviour / Denis Hauw; Michael McNamee

Psychology of Sport and Exercise, Volume: 16, Pages: 140 - 148

Swansea University Author: McNamee, Michael

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Abstract

ObjectivesTo consider the various specific substances-taking activities in sport an examination of three psychological models of doping behaviour utilised by researchers is presented in order to evaluate their real and potential impact, and to improve the relevance and efficiency of anti-doping camp...

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Published in: Psychology of Sport and Exercise
ISSN: 1469-0292
Published: 2015
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa19666
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spelling 2017-10-12T09:35:05Z v2 19666 2014-12-02 A critical analysis of three psychological research programs of doping behaviour Michael McNamee Michael McNamee true 0000-0002-5857-909X false 85b0b1623e55d977378622a6aab7ee6e b21656b4e9823fba622ff78b66e2d5d4 SQWVRrxFk2ozzjXfmS4VKBXCE6Z9OGBXOD9D5JU4+T4= 2014-12-02 STSC ObjectivesTo consider the various specific substances-taking activities in sport an examination of three psychological models of doping behaviour utilised by researchers is presented in order to evaluate their real and potential impact, and to improve the relevance and efficiency of anti-doping campaigns.DesignAdopting the notion of a “research program” (Lakatos, 1978) from the philosophy of science, a range of studies into the psychology of doping behaviour are classified and critically analysed.MethodTheoretical and practical parameters of three research programs are critically evaluated (i) cognitive; (ii) drive; and (iii) situated-dynamic.ResultsThe analysis reveals the diversity of theoretical commitments of the research programs and their practical consequences. The «cognitive program» assumes that athletes are accountable for their acts that reflect the endeavour to attain sporting and non-sporting goals. Attitudes, knowledge and rational decisions are understood to be the basis of doping behaviour. The «drive program» characterises the variety of traces and consequences on psychological and somatic states coming from athlete's experience with sport. Doping behaviour here is conceived of as a solution to reduce unconscious psychological and somatic distress. The «situated-dynamic program» considers a broader context of athletes' doping activity and its evolution during a sport career. Doping is considered as emergent and self-organized behaviour, grounded on temporally critical couplings between athletes' actions and situations and the specific dynamics of their development during the sporting life course.ConclusionsThese hypothetical, theoretical and methodological considerations offer a more nuanced understanding of doping behaviours, making an effective contribution to anti-doping education and research by enabling researchers and policy personnel to become more critically reflective about their explicit and implicit assumptions regarding models of explanations for doping behaviour. Journal article Psychology of Sport and Exercise 16 140 148 1469-0292 Research program; Psychological sciences; Doping; Substance use; Elite performance 0 1 2015 2015-01-01 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.03.010 College of Engineering Sports Science CENG STSC Sports Medicine: Philosophy and ethics None 2017-10-12T09:35:05Z 2014-12-02T06:50:57Z College of Engineering Sports Science Denis Hauw 1 Michael McNamee 2
title A critical analysis of three psychological research programs of doping behaviour
spellingShingle A critical analysis of three psychological research programs of doping behaviour
McNamee, Michael
title_short A critical analysis of three psychological research programs of doping behaviour
title_full A critical analysis of three psychological research programs of doping behaviour
title_fullStr A critical analysis of three psychological research programs of doping behaviour
title_full_unstemmed A critical analysis of three psychological research programs of doping behaviour
title_sort A critical analysis of three psychological research programs of doping behaviour
author_id_str_mv 85b0b1623e55d977378622a6aab7ee6e
author_id_fullname_str_mv 85b0b1623e55d977378622a6aab7ee6e_***_McNamee, Michael
author McNamee, Michael
author2 Denis Hauw
Michael McNamee
format Journal article
container_title Psychology of Sport and Exercise
container_volume 16
container_start_page 140
publishDate 2015
institution Swansea University
issn 1469-0292
doi_str_mv 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.03.010
college_str College of Engineering
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hierarchy_top_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_top_title College of Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_parent_title College of Engineering
department_str Sports Science{{{_:::_}}}College of Engineering{{{_:::_}}}Sports Science
document_store_str 0
active_str 1
researchgroup_str Sports Medicine: Philosophy and ethics
description ObjectivesTo consider the various specific substances-taking activities in sport an examination of three psychological models of doping behaviour utilised by researchers is presented in order to evaluate their real and potential impact, and to improve the relevance and efficiency of anti-doping campaigns.DesignAdopting the notion of a “research program” (Lakatos, 1978) from the philosophy of science, a range of studies into the psychology of doping behaviour are classified and critically analysed.MethodTheoretical and practical parameters of three research programs are critically evaluated (i) cognitive; (ii) drive; and (iii) situated-dynamic.ResultsThe analysis reveals the diversity of theoretical commitments of the research programs and their practical consequences. The «cognitive program» assumes that athletes are accountable for their acts that reflect the endeavour to attain sporting and non-sporting goals. Attitudes, knowledge and rational decisions are understood to be the basis of doping behaviour. The «drive program» characterises the variety of traces and consequences on psychological and somatic states coming from athlete's experience with sport. Doping behaviour here is conceived of as a solution to reduce unconscious psychological and somatic distress. The «situated-dynamic program» considers a broader context of athletes' doping activity and its evolution during a sport career. Doping is considered as emergent and self-organized behaviour, grounded on temporally critical couplings between athletes' actions and situations and the specific dynamics of their development during the sporting life course.ConclusionsThese hypothetical, theoretical and methodological considerations offer a more nuanced understanding of doping behaviours, making an effective contribution to anti-doping education and research by enabling researchers and policy personnel to become more critically reflective about their explicit and implicit assumptions regarding models of explanations for doping behaviour.
published_date 2015-01-01T13:05:33Z
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