No Cover Image

Journal article 633 views

Analysis of multi-scale morphodynamic behavior of a high energy beach facing the Sea of Japan

Harshinie Karunarathna Orcid Logo, Hajime Mase, Yasuyuki Baba

Frontiers in Marine Science, Volume: 2

Swansea University Author: Harshinie Karunarathna Orcid Logo

Full text not available from this repository: check for access using links below.

DOI (Published version): 10.3389/fmars.2015.00051

Abstract

Monthly cross shore beach profiles measured at the Ogata Wave Observation pier located in Joetsu-Ogata Coast, Niigata Prefecture, Japan, was analysed to investigate multi-scale morphodynamic beach behaviour of the beach. The beach faces the Sea of Japan and is subjected to high energy wave condition...

Full description

Published in: Frontiers in Marine Science
Published: 2015
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa22657
Tags: Add Tag
No Tags, Be the first to tag this record!
Abstract: Monthly cross shore beach profiles measured at the Ogata Wave Observation pier located in Joetsu-Ogata Coast, Niigata Prefecture, Japan, was analysed to investigate multi-scale morphodynamic beach behaviour of the beach. The beach faces the Sea of Japan and is subjected to high energy wave conditions with strong winter/summer seasonal signature. The measured profiles show very significant variability where cross-shore movement of shoreline position and lowering of the beach at the location of measurements exceed 20 m and 4 m respectively. The shoreline position seems to follow the seasonal variability of incident wave climate where a correlation coefficient of 0.77 was found between monthly averaged incident significant wave height and the measured monthly shoreline position. During the summer months, the beach variability mostly concentrated to the sub-tidal part of the profile, while a significant amount of upper beach change was observed during the winter months. The beach profile shape was found to rotate between three different beach states in time; (i) concave reflective profile; (ii) profile with sub-tidal berm; and (iii) gentle, dissipative profile. Empirical Orthogonal Function (EOF) analysis of the profiles show that the variability of beach profile shape is dominated by (a) upper shoreface steepening; (b) sub tidal berm development and dissipation; and (c) variability of the overall profile slope, which have some longer than seasonal cyclic signatures. Comparison of temporal EOFs with climate indices such as Southern Oscillation Index and Pacific Decadal Oscillation index shows notable correlations between profile change and climatic variability in the region. The analysis also shows that the morphological variability of Joetsu-Ogata Coast has similarities and some distinct spatial and temporal differences to beaches of similar kind found elsewhere.
Keywords: Joetsu-Ogata coast, beach profile, Empirical Orthogonal Function, multi scale beach change, Southern Oscillation Index, Pacific Decadal Oscillation
College: College of Engineering