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Global patterns of terrestrial assemblage turnover within and among land uses / Tim Newbold, Lawrence N. Hudson, Samantha L. L. Hill, Sara Contu, Claudia L. Gray, Jörn P. W. Scharlemann, Luca Borger, Helen R. P. Phillips, Douglas Sheil, Igor Lysenko, Andy Purvis

Ecography

Swansea University Author: Luca Borger

DOI (Published version): 10.1111/ecog.01932

Abstract

Land use has large effects on the diversity of ecological assemblages. Differences among land uses in the diversity of local assemblages (alpha diversity) have been quantified at a global scale. Effects on the turnover of species composition between locations (beta diversity) are less clear, with pr...

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Published in: Ecography
Published: 2016
Online Access: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ecog.01932/abstract
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa26959
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first_indexed 2016-03-30T01:01:20Z
last_indexed 2018-02-09T05:09:31Z
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spelling 2017-05-12T15:20:16.7595192 v2 26959 2016-03-29 Global patterns of terrestrial assemblage turnover within and among land uses 8416d0ffc3cccdad6e6d67a455e7c4a2 0000-0001-8763-5997 Luca Borger Luca Borger true false 2016-03-29 SBI Land use has large effects on the diversity of ecological assemblages. Differences among land uses in the diversity of local assemblages (alpha diversity) have been quantified at a global scale. Effects on the turnover of species composition between locations (beta diversity) are less clear, with previous studies focusing on particular regions or groups of species. Using a global database on the composition of ecological assemblages in different land uses, we test for differences in the between-site turnover of species composition, within and among land-use types. Overall, we show a strong impact of land use on assemblage composition. While we find that compositional turnover within land uses does not differ strongly among land uses, human land uses and secondary vegetation in an early stage of recovery are poor at retaining the species that characterise primary vegetation. The dissimilarity of assemblages in human-impacted habitats compared with primary vegetation was more pronounced in the tropical than temperate realm. An exploratory analysis suggests that this geographic difference might be caused primarily by differences in climate seasonality and in the numbers of species sampled. Taken together the results suggest that, while small-scale beta diversity within land uses is not strongly impacted by land-use type, compositional turnover between land uses is substantial. Therefore, land-use change will lead to profound changes in the structure of ecological assemblages. Journal Article Ecography beta diversity, land use, biodiversity, 26 2 2016 2016-02-26 10.1111/ecog.01932 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ecog.01932/abstract COLLEGE NANME Biosciences COLLEGE CODE SBI Swansea University 2017-05-12T15:20:16.7595192 2016-03-29T16:25:08.0911420 Tim Newbold 1 Lawrence N. Hudson 2 Samantha L. L. Hill 3 Sara Contu 4 Claudia L. Gray 5 Jörn P. W. Scharlemann 6 Luca Borger 0000-0001-8763-5997 7 Helen R. P. Phillips 8 Douglas Sheil 9 Igor Lysenko 10 Andy Purvis 11 0026959-29032016164824.pdf Newbold_etal_2016_acceptedVersion.pdf 2016-03-29T16:48:24.6570000 Output 4306504 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true 2016-12-31T00:00:00.0000000 true
title Global patterns of terrestrial assemblage turnover within and among land uses
spellingShingle Global patterns of terrestrial assemblage turnover within and among land uses
Luca, Borger
title_short Global patterns of terrestrial assemblage turnover within and among land uses
title_full Global patterns of terrestrial assemblage turnover within and among land uses
title_fullStr Global patterns of terrestrial assemblage turnover within and among land uses
title_full_unstemmed Global patterns of terrestrial assemblage turnover within and among land uses
title_sort Global patterns of terrestrial assemblage turnover within and among land uses
author_id_str_mv 8416d0ffc3cccdad6e6d67a455e7c4a2
author_id_fullname_str_mv 8416d0ffc3cccdad6e6d67a455e7c4a2_***_Luca, Borger
author Luca, Borger
author2 Tim Newbold
Lawrence N. Hudson
Samantha L. L. Hill
Sara Contu
Claudia L. Gray
Jörn P. W. Scharlemann
Luca Borger
Helen R. P. Phillips
Douglas Sheil
Igor Lysenko
Andy Purvis
format Journal article
container_title Ecography
publishDate 2016
institution Swansea University
doi_str_mv 10.1111/ecog.01932
url http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ecog.01932/abstract
document_store_str 1
active_str 0
description Land use has large effects on the diversity of ecological assemblages. Differences among land uses in the diversity of local assemblages (alpha diversity) have been quantified at a global scale. Effects on the turnover of species composition between locations (beta diversity) are less clear, with previous studies focusing on particular regions or groups of species. Using a global database on the composition of ecological assemblages in different land uses, we test for differences in the between-site turnover of species composition, within and among land-use types. Overall, we show a strong impact of land use on assemblage composition. While we find that compositional turnover within land uses does not differ strongly among land uses, human land uses and secondary vegetation in an early stage of recovery are poor at retaining the species that characterise primary vegetation. The dissimilarity of assemblages in human-impacted habitats compared with primary vegetation was more pronounced in the tropical than temperate realm. An exploratory analysis suggests that this geographic difference might be caused primarily by differences in climate seasonality and in the numbers of species sampled. Taken together the results suggest that, while small-scale beta diversity within land uses is not strongly impacted by land-use type, compositional turnover between land uses is substantial. Therefore, land-use change will lead to profound changes in the structure of ecological assemblages.
published_date 2016-02-26T03:42:48Z
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