No Cover Image

Journal article 173 views 30 downloads

Local biodiversity is higher inside than outside terrestrial protected areas worldwide / Claudia L. Gray; Samantha L. L. Hill; Tim Newbold; Lawrence N. Hudson; Luca Börger; Sara Contu; Andrew J. Hoskins; Simon Ferrier; Andy Purvis; Jörn P. W. Scharlemann

Nature Communications, Volume: 7, Start page: 12306

Swansea University Author: Borger, Luca

  • Gray_etal_2016_ProtectedAreasEffectiveness.pdf

    PDF | Version of Record

    This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

    Download (604.08KB)

Check full text

DOI (Published version): 10.1038/ncomms12306

Abstract

Protected areas are widely considered essential for biodiversity conservation. However, few global studies have demonstrated that protection benefits a broad range of species. Here, using a new global biodiversity database with unprecedented geographic and taxonomic coverage, we compare four biodive...

Full description

Published in: Nature Communications
ISSN: 2041-1723
Published: 2016
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa29366
Tags: Add Tag
No Tags, Be the first to tag this record!
Abstract: Protected areas are widely considered essential for biodiversity conservation. However, few global studies have demonstrated that protection benefits a broad range of species. Here, using a new global biodiversity database with unprecedented geographic and taxonomic coverage, we compare four biodiversity measures at sites sampled in multiple land uses inside and outside protected areas. Globally, species richness is 10.6% higher and abundance 14.5% higher in samples taken inside protected areas compared with samples taken outside, but neither rarefaction-based richness nor endemicity differ significantly. Importantly, we show that the positive effects of protection are mostly attributable to differences in land use between protected and unprotected sites. Nonetheless, even within some human-dominated land uses, species richness and abundance are higher in protected sites. Our results reinforce the global importance of protected areas but suggest that protection does not consistently benefit species with small ranges or increase the variety of ecological niches.
Keywords: biodiversity, protected areas, conservation, conservation biology
College: College of Science
Start Page: 12306