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Local biodiversity is higher inside than outside terrestrial protected areas worldwide

Claudia L. Gray, Samantha L. L. Hill, Tim Newbold, Lawrence N. Hudson, Luca Borger Orcid Logo, Sara Contu, Andrew J. Hoskins, Simon Ferrier, Andy Purvis, Jörn P. W. Scharlemann

Nature Communications, Volume: 7, Issue: 1, Start page: 12306

Swansea University Author: Luca Borger Orcid Logo

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DOI (Published version): 10.1038/ncomms12306

Abstract

Protected areas are widely considered essential for biodiversity conservation. However, few global studies have demonstrated that protection benefits a broad range of species. Here, using a new global biodiversity database with unprecedented geographic and taxonomic coverage, we compare four biodive...

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Published in: Nature Communications
ISSN: 2041-1723
Published: Springer Science and Business Media LLC 2016
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa29366
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spelling 2020-11-12T16:07:15.8742331 v2 29366 2016-07-31 Local biodiversity is higher inside than outside terrestrial protected areas worldwide 8416d0ffc3cccdad6e6d67a455e7c4a2 0000-0001-8763-5997 Luca Borger Luca Borger true false 2016-07-31 SBI Protected areas are widely considered essential for biodiversity conservation. However, few global studies have demonstrated that protection benefits a broad range of species. Here, using a new global biodiversity database with unprecedented geographic and taxonomic coverage, we compare four biodiversity measures at sites sampled in multiple land uses inside and outside protected areas. Globally, species richness is 10.6% higher and abundance 14.5% higher in samples taken inside protected areas compared with samples taken outside, but neither rarefaction-based richness nor endemicity differ significantly. Importantly, we show that the positive effects of protection are mostly attributable to differences in land use between protected and unprotected sites. Nonetheless, even within some human-dominated land uses, species richness and abundance are higher in protected sites. Our results reinforce the global importance of protected areas but suggest that protection does not consistently benefit species with small ranges or increase the variety of ecological niches. Journal Article Nature Communications 7 1 12306 Springer Science and Business Media LLC 2041-1723 biodiversity, protected areas, conservation, conservation biology 1 11 2016 2016-11-01 10.1038/ncomms12306 COLLEGE NANME Biosciences COLLEGE CODE SBI Swansea University 2020-11-12T16:07:15.8742331 2016-07-31T21:24:21.4429564 College of Science Biosciences Claudia L. Gray 1 Samantha L. L. Hill 2 Tim Newbold 3 Lawrence N. Hudson 4 Luca Borger 0000-0001-8763-5997 5 Sara Contu 6 Andrew J. Hoskins 7 Simon Ferrier 8 Andy Purvis 9 Jörn P. W. Scharlemann 10 0029366-31072016212642.pdf Gray_etal_2016_ProtectedAreasEffectiveness.pdf 2016-07-31T21:26:42.5930000 Output 632775 application/pdf Version of Record true ©The Author(s) 2016. All article content, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License true eng http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
title Local biodiversity is higher inside than outside terrestrial protected areas worldwide
spellingShingle Local biodiversity is higher inside than outside terrestrial protected areas worldwide
Luca Borger
title_short Local biodiversity is higher inside than outside terrestrial protected areas worldwide
title_full Local biodiversity is higher inside than outside terrestrial protected areas worldwide
title_fullStr Local biodiversity is higher inside than outside terrestrial protected areas worldwide
title_full_unstemmed Local biodiversity is higher inside than outside terrestrial protected areas worldwide
title_sort Local biodiversity is higher inside than outside terrestrial protected areas worldwide
author_id_str_mv 8416d0ffc3cccdad6e6d67a455e7c4a2
author_id_fullname_str_mv 8416d0ffc3cccdad6e6d67a455e7c4a2_***_Luca Borger
author Luca Borger
author2 Claudia L. Gray
Samantha L. L. Hill
Tim Newbold
Lawrence N. Hudson
Luca Borger
Sara Contu
Andrew J. Hoskins
Simon Ferrier
Andy Purvis
Jörn P. W. Scharlemann
format Journal article
container_title Nature Communications
container_volume 7
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container_start_page 12306
publishDate 2016
institution Swansea University
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doi_str_mv 10.1038/ncomms12306
publisher Springer Science and Business Media LLC
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hierarchy_top_title College of Science
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofscience
hierarchy_parent_title College of Science
department_str Biosciences{{{_:::_}}}College of Science{{{_:::_}}}Biosciences
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description Protected areas are widely considered essential for biodiversity conservation. However, few global studies have demonstrated that protection benefits a broad range of species. Here, using a new global biodiversity database with unprecedented geographic and taxonomic coverage, we compare four biodiversity measures at sites sampled in multiple land uses inside and outside protected areas. Globally, species richness is 10.6% higher and abundance 14.5% higher in samples taken inside protected areas compared with samples taken outside, but neither rarefaction-based richness nor endemicity differ significantly. Importantly, we show that the positive effects of protection are mostly attributable to differences in land use between protected and unprotected sites. Nonetheless, even within some human-dominated land uses, species richness and abundance are higher in protected sites. Our results reinforce the global importance of protected areas but suggest that protection does not consistently benefit species with small ranges or increase the variety of ecological niches.
published_date 2016-11-01T03:51:18Z
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