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Temporal associations between individual changes in hormones, training motivation and physical performance in elite and non-elite trained men

Blair Crewther, Jamie Carruthers, Liam Kilduff Orcid Logo, Colin Sanctuary, Christian Cook

Biology of Sport, Volume: 33, Issue: 3, Pages: 215 - 221

Swansea University Author: Liam Kilduff Orcid Logo

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Abstract

To advance our understanding of the hormonal contribution to athletic performance, we examined the temporal associations between individual changes in testosterone (T) and/or cortisol (C) concentrations, training motivation and physical performance in elite and non-elite trained men. Two male cohort...

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Published in: Biology of Sport
ISSN: 2083-1862
Published: 2016
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa27747
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spelling 2017-08-03T13:43:51.4600955 v2 27747 2016-05-07 Temporal associations between individual changes in hormones, training motivation and physical performance in elite and non-elite trained men 972ed9a1dda7a0de20581a0f8350be98 0000-0001-9449-2293 Liam Kilduff Liam Kilduff true false 2016-05-07 STSC To advance our understanding of the hormonal contribution to athletic performance, we examined the temporal associations between individual changes in testosterone (T) and/or cortisol (C) concentrations, training motivation and physical performance in elite and non-elite trained men. Two male cohorts classified as elites (n = 12) and non-elites (n = 12) completed five testing sessions over a six-week period. The athletes were tested for salivary T, C, T/C ratio, self-perceived training motivation, countermovement jump (CMJ) height and isometric mid-thigh pull peak force (IMTP PF), after which an actual training workout was performed. The elite men reported higher motivation to train and they produced greater CMJ height overall, whereas the nonelites had higher pooled T levels (p < 0.05). No significant group differences in C concentrations, T/C ratio or IMTP PF were found. The individual changes in T levels were positively associated with training motivation in the elite men only (p = 0.033), but the hormonal and motivation measures did not predict CMJ height or IMTP PF in either group. The monitoring of elite and non-elite men across a short training block revealed differences in T levels, motivation and lower-body power, which may reflect training and competitive factors in each group. Despite having lower T levels, the elite athletes showed better linkage between pre-training T fluctuations and subsequent motivation to train. The nature of the performance tests (i.e. single repetition trials) could partly explain the lack of an association with the hormonal and motivational measures. Journal Article Biology of Sport 33 3 215 221 2083-1862 31 12 2016 2016-12-31 10.5604/20831862.1201810 COLLEGE NANME Sport and Exercise Sciences COLLEGE CODE STSC Swansea University 2017-08-03T13:43:51.4600955 2016-05-07T12:12:20.5818838 College of Engineering Engineering Blair Crewther 1 Jamie Carruthers 2 Liam Kilduff 0000-0001-9449-2293 3 Colin Sanctuary 4 Christian Cook 5
title Temporal associations between individual changes in hormones, training motivation and physical performance in elite and non-elite trained men
spellingShingle Temporal associations between individual changes in hormones, training motivation and physical performance in elite and non-elite trained men
Liam Kilduff
title_short Temporal associations between individual changes in hormones, training motivation and physical performance in elite and non-elite trained men
title_full Temporal associations between individual changes in hormones, training motivation and physical performance in elite and non-elite trained men
title_fullStr Temporal associations between individual changes in hormones, training motivation and physical performance in elite and non-elite trained men
title_full_unstemmed Temporal associations between individual changes in hormones, training motivation and physical performance in elite and non-elite trained men
title_sort Temporal associations between individual changes in hormones, training motivation and physical performance in elite and non-elite trained men
author_id_str_mv 972ed9a1dda7a0de20581a0f8350be98
author_id_fullname_str_mv 972ed9a1dda7a0de20581a0f8350be98_***_Liam Kilduff
author Liam Kilduff
author2 Blair Crewther
Jamie Carruthers
Liam Kilduff
Colin Sanctuary
Christian Cook
format Journal article
container_title Biology of Sport
container_volume 33
container_issue 3
container_start_page 215
publishDate 2016
institution Swansea University
issn 2083-1862
doi_str_mv 10.5604/20831862.1201810
college_str College of Engineering
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hierarchy_top_title College of Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_parent_title College of Engineering
department_str Engineering{{{_:::_}}}College of Engineering{{{_:::_}}}Engineering
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description To advance our understanding of the hormonal contribution to athletic performance, we examined the temporal associations between individual changes in testosterone (T) and/or cortisol (C) concentrations, training motivation and physical performance in elite and non-elite trained men. Two male cohorts classified as elites (n = 12) and non-elites (n = 12) completed five testing sessions over a six-week period. The athletes were tested for salivary T, C, T/C ratio, self-perceived training motivation, countermovement jump (CMJ) height and isometric mid-thigh pull peak force (IMTP PF), after which an actual training workout was performed. The elite men reported higher motivation to train and they produced greater CMJ height overall, whereas the nonelites had higher pooled T levels (p < 0.05). No significant group differences in C concentrations, T/C ratio or IMTP PF were found. The individual changes in T levels were positively associated with training motivation in the elite men only (p = 0.033), but the hormonal and motivation measures did not predict CMJ height or IMTP PF in either group. The monitoring of elite and non-elite men across a short training block revealed differences in T levels, motivation and lower-body power, which may reflect training and competitive factors in each group. Despite having lower T levels, the elite athletes showed better linkage between pre-training T fluctuations and subsequent motivation to train. The nature of the performance tests (i.e. single repetition trials) could partly explain the lack of an association with the hormonal and motivational measures.
published_date 2016-12-31T03:39:09Z
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