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Properties of the deconfining phase transition in SU(N) gauge theories
Journal of High Energy Physics, Volume: "0502", Issue: 02, Pages: 033 - 033
Swansea University Author: Biagio Lucini
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DOI (Published version): 10.1088/1126-6708/2005/02/033
We extend our earlier investigation of the finite temperature deconfinement transition in SU(N) gauge theories, with the emphasis on what happens as N->oo. We calculate the latent heat in the continuum limit, and find the expected quadratic in N behaviour at large N. We confirm that the phase tra...
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We extend our earlier investigation of the finite temperature deconfinement transition in SU(N) gauge theories, with the emphasis on what happens as N->oo. We calculate the latent heat in the continuum limit, and find the expected quadratic in N behaviour at large N. We confirm that the phase transition, which is second order for SU(2) and weakly first order for SU(3), becomes robustly first order for N>3 and strengthens as N increases. As an aside, we explain why the SU(2) specific heat shows no sign of any peak as T is varied across what is supposedly a second order phase transition. We calculate the effective string tension and electric gluon masses at T=Tc confirming the discontinuous nature of the transition for N>2. We explicitly show that the large-N `spatial' string tension does not vary with T for T<Tc and that it is discontinuous at T=Tc. For T>Tc it increases as T-squared to a good approximation, and the k-string tension ratios closely satisfy Casimir Scaling. Within very small errors, we find a single Tc at which all the k-strings deconfine, i.e. a step-by-step breaking of the relevant centre symmetry does not occur. We calculate the interface tension but are unable to distinguish between linear or quadratic in N variations, each of which can lead to a striking but different N=oo deconfinement scenario. We remark on the location of the bulk phase transition, which bounds the range of our large-N calculations on the strong coupling side, and within whose hysteresis some of our larger-N calculations are performed.
Faculty of Science and Engineering