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Double scaling limits in gauge theories and matrix models / Gaetano Bertoldi; J.Luis Miramontes; Timothy Hollowood
Journal of High Energy Physics, Volume: "06", Issue: 06, Pages: 045 - 045
Swansea University Author: Timothy, Hollowood
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We show that $\N=1$ gauge theories with an adjoint chiral multiplet admit a wide class of large-N double-scaling limits where $N$ is taken to infinity in a way coordinated with a tuning of the bare superpotential. The tuning is such that the theory is near an Argyres-Douglas-type singularity where a...
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We show that $\N=1$ gauge theories with an adjoint chiral multiplet admit a wide class of large-N double-scaling limits where $N$ is taken to infinity in a way coordinated with a tuning of the bare superpotential. The tuning is such that the theory is near an Argyres-Douglas-type singularity where a set of non-local dibaryons becomes massless in conjunction with a set of confining strings becoming tensionless. The doubly-scaled theory consists of two decoupled sectors, one whose spectrum and interactions follow the usual large-N scaling whilst the other has light states of fixed mass in the large-N limit which subvert the usual large-N scaling and lead to an interacting theory in the limit. $F$-term properties of this interacting sector can be calculated using a Dijkgraaf-Vafa matrix model and in this context the double-scaling limit is precisely the kind investigated in the old matrix model'' to describe two-dimensional gravity coupled to $c<1$ conformal field theories. In particular, the old matrix model double-scaling limit describes a sector of a gauge theory with a mass gap and light meson-like composite states, the approximate Goldstone boson of superconformal invariance, with a mass which is fixed in the double-scaling limit. Consequently, the gravitational $F$-terms in these cases satisfy the string equation of the KdV
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