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Loneliness of Older Immigrant Groups in Canada: Effects of Ethnic-Cultural Background / Jenny De Jong Gierveld, Suzan Van der Pas, Norah Keating
Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, Volume: 30, Issue: 3, Pages: 251 - 268
Swansea University Author: Norah Keating
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DOI (Published version): 10.1007/s10823-015-9265-x
This study aimed to explore the loneliness of several groups of older immigrants in Canadacompared to native-born older adults. Data from the Canadian General Social Survey, Cycle 22 (Nolder adults = 3,692) were used. The dependent variable is the 6 item De Jong Gierveld lonelinessscale. Determinant...
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This study aimed to explore the loneliness of several groups of older immigrants in Canadacompared to native-born older adults. Data from the Canadian General Social Survey, Cycle 22 (Nolder adults = 3,692) were used. The dependent variable is the 6 item De Jong Gierveld lonelinessscale. Determinants of loneliness included country of birth, ethnic background (cultural context);belongingness (community context) and social networks (social context). Results showed that onlysome immigrant groups are significantly lonelier than older adults born in Canada. Immigrants withsimilar language and culture are not lonelier; while those from countries that differ in nativelanguage/culture are significantly higher on loneliness. Multivariate analyses showed the importanceof cultural background, of composition of the network of relatives and friends, and of localparticipation and feelings of belonging to the Canadian society in explaining loneliness of olderimmigrants.
Canada – Ethnic background – Immigrants – Loneliness – Older adults
College of Human and Health Sciences