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Determinants of Loneliness among Older Adults in Canada / Norah, Keating

Canadian Journal on Aging / La Revue canadienne du vieillissement, Volume: 34, Issue: 02, Pages: 125 - 136

Swansea University Author: Norah, Keating

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DOI (Published version): 10.1017/S0714980815000070

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the key determinants of loneliness of older Canadians. We drew on the assumptions concerning the importance of person-environment fi t to test the relative importance of personal characteristics, deprived living conditions, social network/social engagement,...

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Published in: Canadian Journal on Aging / La Revue canadienne du vieillissement
Published: 2015
Online Access: http://journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S0714980815000070
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa29615
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Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the key determinants of loneliness of older Canadians. We drew on the assumptions concerning the importance of person-environment fi t to test the relative importance of personal characteristics, deprived living conditions, social network/social engagement, and satisfaction in explaining loneliness. Data comprised a sample of 3,799 respondents over age 65 drawn from Statistics Canada’s General Social Survey, Cycle 22. Personal characteristics, social network size and composition, and satisfaction with network contact were found to be related to loneliness, as were indicators of living in economically and socially challenging conditions. Older adults who had experienced a recent downturn in their financial situation, and who lacked the help needed to cope with a recent personal challenge, reported higher levels of loneliness. A striking feature of our findings is the relatively low scores on loneliness of older Canadians compared to older adults in other countries.
Keywords: aging , loneliness , person-environment fi t , social network , deprived living conditions
College: College of Human and Health Sciences
Issue: 02
Start Page: 125
End Page: 136