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Investigating the feasibility of an enhanced contact intervention in self-harm and suicidal behaviour: a protocol for a randomised controlled trial delivering a Social support and Wellbeing Intervention following Self Harm (SWISH)
BMJ Open, Volume: 6, Issue: 9, Start page: e012043
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Introduction: Self harm is a strong predictor for suicide. Risks for repeat behaviour are heightened in the aftermath of an index episode. There is no consensus on the most effective type of intervention to reduce repetition. Treatment options for patients who do not require secondary mental health...
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Introduction: Self harm is a strong predictor for suicide. Risks for repeat behaviour are heightened in the aftermath of an index episode. There is no consensus on the most effective type of intervention to reduce repetition. Treatment options for patients who do not require secondary mental health services include: no support, discharge to General Practitioner, or referral to primary care mental health support services. The aim of this study is to assess whether it is feasible to deliver a brief intervention after an episode and whether this can reduce depressive symptoms and increase sense of wellbeing for patients who self harm.Methods: This is a non-blinded parallel group randomised clinical trial. One hundred and twenty patients presenting with self harm and/or suicidal ideation to mental health services over a twelve month period who are not referred to secondary services will be randomised to either intervention plus treatment as usual (TAU), or control (TAU only). Patients are assessed at baseline, 4 weeks and 12 weeks with standardised measures to collect data on depression, wellbeing, and service use. Primary outcome is depression scores; secondary outcomes are wellbeing scores and use of services. The findings will indicate whether a rapid response brief intervention is feasible and can reduce depression and increase wellbeing among patients who self harm and do not require secondary services. Ethics and dissemination: Ethical approval was granted by the UK National Health Service (NHS) Ethics Committee process (REC 6: 14/WA/0074). The findings of the trial will be disseminated through presentations to the participating Health Board and partners, peer-reviewed journals, national and international conferences. Trial registration: The trial is registered with the International Standard Randomised Controlled Trial Network (ISRCTN 76914248); and UK Clinical Research Network (16229)
Randomised controlled trial, Self Harm, Suicide, Intervention, Social wellbeing, Social support, Social networks, Depression
Swansea University Medical School