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Motivational State Does Not Affect All-Out Short Duration Exercise Performance

Y Kuroda, Joanne Hudson Orcid Logo, R Thatcher, F D Legrand, P W Macdermid

Sports and Exercise Medicine, Volume: 3, Issue: 2

Swansea University Author: Joanne Hudson Orcid Logo

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DOI (Published version): 10.17140/SEMOJ-3-146

Abstract

Introduction: The preferred motivational state (telic or paratelic), i.e., dominance, has beenlinked to the type of activity sports people participate in. As such, positive or negative performancemay occur if there is a mismatch between the activity and the required state. This studyset out to exami...

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Published in: Sports and Exercise Medicine
ISSN: 2379-6375
Published: 2017
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa33207
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spelling 2020-07-28T14:15:10.7158762 v2 33207 2017-05-05 Motivational State Does Not Affect All-Out Short Duration Exercise Performance 304341cf2cd1bdb99d7d6ccf0f030d99 0000-0003-4732-8356 Joanne Hudson Joanne Hudson true false 2017-05-05 STSC Introduction: The preferred motivational state (telic or paratelic), i.e., dominance, has beenlinked to the type of activity sports people participate in. As such, positive or negative performancemay occur if there is a mismatch between the activity and the required state. This studyset out to examine the effects of altering telic or paratelic motivational states and thus inducethe “misfit effect” in order to quantify the influences on emotions and performance during allout,short duration cycle performance.Methods: Based on paratelic dominance scale (PDS) scores participants completed the Wingateanaerobic test (WAT) on two separate occasions in their preferred and non-preferred motivationalstate. Special video display method was used to manipulate participants to their non-preferredmotivational state and verified via the telic state measure (TSM) test prior to performingthe Wingate test (WT). Changes in emotion and stress levels were recorded using the tensionand effort stress inventory (TESI) along with heart rate variability (HRV) data obtained fromelectrocardiogram (ECG). Peak power (PP), mean power (MP) and fatigue index (FI) obtainedfrom the WT were used to assess all-out athletic performance.Results: The main findings show that there was no link between dominant motivational stateand anaerobic cycle performance (p>0.05) and that successful manipulation of motivationalstate (p<0.05) did not influence perceived levels or physiological levels of stress (p>0.05) anddid not affect all-out, short duration cycle performance (p<0.05).Conclusion: As such, coaches, support staff and athletes do not have to worry about a particularstate in regards to telic or paratelic in an acute time frame, as long as the athlete’s arousal levelsand emotional conditions are optimal. Journal Article Sports and Exercise Medicine 3 2 2379-6375 2 5 2017 2017-05-02 10.17140/SEMOJ-3-146 COLLEGE NANME Sport and Exercise Sciences COLLEGE CODE STSC Swansea University 2020-07-28T14:15:10.7158762 2017-05-05T10:29:55.8560710 College of Engineering Engineering Y Kuroda 1 Joanne Hudson 0000-0003-4732-8356 2 R Thatcher 3 F D Legrand 4 P W Macdermid 5 0033207-05052017103154.pdf kuroda2017.pdf 2017-05-05T10:31:54.8870000 Output 505425 application/pdf Version of Record true 2017-05-05T00:00:00.0000000 true eng
title Motivational State Does Not Affect All-Out Short Duration Exercise Performance
spellingShingle Motivational State Does Not Affect All-Out Short Duration Exercise Performance
Joanne Hudson
title_short Motivational State Does Not Affect All-Out Short Duration Exercise Performance
title_full Motivational State Does Not Affect All-Out Short Duration Exercise Performance
title_fullStr Motivational State Does Not Affect All-Out Short Duration Exercise Performance
title_full_unstemmed Motivational State Does Not Affect All-Out Short Duration Exercise Performance
title_sort Motivational State Does Not Affect All-Out Short Duration Exercise Performance
author_id_str_mv 304341cf2cd1bdb99d7d6ccf0f030d99
author_id_fullname_str_mv 304341cf2cd1bdb99d7d6ccf0f030d99_***_Joanne Hudson
author Joanne Hudson
author2 Y Kuroda
Joanne Hudson
R Thatcher
F D Legrand
P W Macdermid
format Journal article
container_title Sports and Exercise Medicine
container_volume 3
container_issue 2
publishDate 2017
institution Swansea University
issn 2379-6375
doi_str_mv 10.17140/SEMOJ-3-146
college_str College of Engineering
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hierarchy_top_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_top_title College of Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_parent_title College of Engineering
department_str Engineering{{{_:::_}}}College of Engineering{{{_:::_}}}Engineering
document_store_str 1
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description Introduction: The preferred motivational state (telic or paratelic), i.e., dominance, has beenlinked to the type of activity sports people participate in. As such, positive or negative performancemay occur if there is a mismatch between the activity and the required state. This studyset out to examine the effects of altering telic or paratelic motivational states and thus inducethe “misfit effect” in order to quantify the influences on emotions and performance during allout,short duration cycle performance.Methods: Based on paratelic dominance scale (PDS) scores participants completed the Wingateanaerobic test (WAT) on two separate occasions in their preferred and non-preferred motivationalstate. Special video display method was used to manipulate participants to their non-preferredmotivational state and verified via the telic state measure (TSM) test prior to performingthe Wingate test (WT). Changes in emotion and stress levels were recorded using the tensionand effort stress inventory (TESI) along with heart rate variability (HRV) data obtained fromelectrocardiogram (ECG). Peak power (PP), mean power (MP) and fatigue index (FI) obtainedfrom the WT were used to assess all-out athletic performance.Results: The main findings show that there was no link between dominant motivational stateand anaerobic cycle performance (p>0.05) and that successful manipulation of motivationalstate (p<0.05) did not influence perceived levels or physiological levels of stress (p>0.05) anddid not affect all-out, short duration cycle performance (p<0.05).Conclusion: As such, coaches, support staff and athletes do not have to worry about a particularstate in regards to telic or paratelic in an acute time frame, as long as the athlete’s arousal levelsand emotional conditions are optimal.
published_date 2017-05-02T03:55:55Z
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