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Motivational State Does Not Affect All-Out Short Duration Exercise Performance
Sports and Exercise Medicine, Volume: 3, Issue: 2
Swansea University Author: Joanne Hudson
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Introduction: The preferred motivational state (telic or paratelic), i.e., dominance, has beenlinked to the type of activity sports people participate in. As such, positive or negative performancemay occur if there is a mismatch between the activity and the required state. This studyset out to exami...
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Introduction: The preferred motivational state (telic or paratelic), i.e., dominance, has beenlinked to the type of activity sports people participate in. As such, positive or negative performancemay occur if there is a mismatch between the activity and the required state. This studyset out to examine the effects of altering telic or paratelic motivational states and thus inducethe “misfit effect” in order to quantify the influences on emotions and performance during allout,short duration cycle performance.Methods: Based on paratelic dominance scale (PDS) scores participants completed the Wingateanaerobic test (WAT) on two separate occasions in their preferred and non-preferred motivationalstate. Special video display method was used to manipulate participants to their non-preferredmotivational state and verified via the telic state measure (TSM) test prior to performingthe Wingate test (WT). Changes in emotion and stress levels were recorded using the tensionand effort stress inventory (TESI) along with heart rate variability (HRV) data obtained fromelectrocardiogram (ECG). Peak power (PP), mean power (MP) and fatigue index (FI) obtainedfrom the WT were used to assess all-out athletic performance.Results: The main findings show that there was no link between dominant motivational stateand anaerobic cycle performance (p>0.05) and that successful manipulation of motivationalstate (p<0.05) did not influence perceived levels or physiological levels of stress (p>0.05) anddid not affect all-out, short duration cycle performance (p<0.05).Conclusion: As such, coaches, support staff and athletes do not have to worry about a particularstate in regards to telic or paratelic in an acute time frame, as long as the athlete’s arousal levelsand emotional conditions are optimal.
Faculty of Science and Engineering