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Development and Initial Validation of the Impression Motivation in Sport Questionnaire–Team

Simon Mark Payne, Joanne Hudson Orcid Logo, Sally Akehurst, Nikos Ntoumanis

Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Volume: 35, Issue: 3, Pages: 281 - 298

Swansea University Author: Joanne Hudson Orcid Logo

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DOI (Published version): 10.1123/jsep.35.3.281

Abstract

Impression motivation is an important individual difference variable that has been under-researched in sport psychology, partly due to having no appropriate measure. This study was conducted to design a measure of impression motivation in team-sport athletes. Construct validity checks decreased the...

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Published in: Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
ISSN: 0895-2779 1543-2904
Published: 2013
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa37030
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Abstract: Impression motivation is an important individual difference variable that has been under-researched in sport psychology, partly due to having no appropriate measure. This study was conducted to design a measure of impression motivation in team-sport athletes. Construct validity checks decreased the initial pool of items, factor analysis (n = 310) revealed the structure of the newly developed scale, and exploratory structural equation modeling procedures (n = 406) resulted in a modified scale that retained theoretical integrity and psychometric parsimony. This process produced a 15-item, 4-factor model; the Impression Motivation in Sport Questionnaire–Team (IMSQ-T) is forwarded as a valid measure of the respondent’s dispositional strength of motivation to use self-presentation in striving for four distinct interpersonal objectives: self-development, social identity development, avoidance of negative outcomes, and avoidance of damaging impressions. The availability of this measure has contributed to theoretical development, will facilitate research, and offers a tool for use in applied settings.
Keywords: self-presentation, impression management, scale development, measurement, factor analysis, exploratory structural equation modeling
College: College of Engineering
Issue: 3
Start Page: 281
End Page: 298