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The effect of graphite and carbon black ratios on conductive ink performance / Chris Phillips, Awadh Al-Ahmadi, Sarah-Jane Potts, Tim Claypole, Davide Deganello, Christopher Phillips

Journal of Materials Science, Volume: 52, Issue: 16, Pages: 9520 - 9530

Swansea University Authors: Davide Deganello, Tim Claypole, Christopher Phillips

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Abstract

Conductive inks based on graphite and carbon black are used in a host of applications including energy storage, energy harvesting, electrochemical sensors and printed heaters. This requires accurate control of electrical properties tailored to the application; ink formulation is a fundamental elemen...

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Published in: Journal of Materials Science
ISSN: 0022-2461 1573-4803
Published: 2017
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa33693
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spelling 2020-07-14T16:50:15.6947386 v2 33693 2017-05-17 The effect of graphite and carbon black ratios on conductive ink performance ea38a0040bdfd3875506189e3629b32a 0000-0001-8341-4177 Davide Deganello Davide Deganello true false 7735385522f1e68a8775b4f709e91d55 0000-0003-1393-9634 Tim Claypole Tim Claypole true false cc734f776f10b3fb9b43816c9f617bb5 0000-0001-8011-710X Christopher Phillips Christopher Phillips true false 2017-05-17 MECH Conductive inks based on graphite and carbon black are used in a host of applications including energy storage, energy harvesting, electrochemical sensors and printed heaters. This requires accurate control of electrical properties tailored to the application; ink formulation is a fundamental element of this. Data on how formulation relates to properties have tended to apply to only single types of conductor at any time, with data on mixed types of carbon only empirical thus far. Therefore, screen printable carbon inks with differing graphite, carbon black and vinyl polymer content were formulated and printed to establish the effect on rheology, deposition and conductivity. The study found that at a higher total carbon loading ink of 29.4% by mass, optimal conductivity (0.029 Ω cm) was achieved at a graphite to carbon black ratio of 2.6 to 1. For a lower total carbon loading (21.7 mass %), this ratio was reduced to 1.8 to 1. Formulation affected viscosity and hence ink transfer and also surface roughness due to retention of features from the screen printing mesh and the inherent roughness of the carbon components, as well as the ability of features to be reproduced consistently. Journal Article Journal of Materials Science 52 16 9520 9530 0022-2461 1573-4803 31 12 2017 2017-12-31 10.1007/s10853-017-1114-6 COLLEGE NANME Mechanical Engineering COLLEGE CODE MECH Swansea University EPSRC, EP/N013727/1, EP/M028267/1, 2020-07-14T16:50:15.6947386 2017-05-17T13:47:23.4423239 College of Engineering Engineering Chris Phillips 1 Awadh Al-Ahmadi 2 Sarah-Jane Potts 3 Tim Claypole 4 Davide Deganello 0000-0001-8341-4177 5 Tim Claypole 0000-0003-1393-9634 6 Christopher Phillips 0000-0001-8011-710X 7 0033693-17052017134855.pdf phillips2017.pdf 2017-05-17T13:48:55.7630000 Output 3429132 application/pdf Version of Record true 2017-05-17T00:00:00.0000000 This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License true eng
title The effect of graphite and carbon black ratios on conductive ink performance
spellingShingle The effect of graphite and carbon black ratios on conductive ink performance
Davide, Deganello
Tim, Claypole
Christopher, Phillips
title_short The effect of graphite and carbon black ratios on conductive ink performance
title_full The effect of graphite and carbon black ratios on conductive ink performance
title_fullStr The effect of graphite and carbon black ratios on conductive ink performance
title_full_unstemmed The effect of graphite and carbon black ratios on conductive ink performance
title_sort The effect of graphite and carbon black ratios on conductive ink performance
author_id_str_mv ea38a0040bdfd3875506189e3629b32a
7735385522f1e68a8775b4f709e91d55
cc734f776f10b3fb9b43816c9f617bb5
author_id_fullname_str_mv ea38a0040bdfd3875506189e3629b32a_***_Davide, Deganello
7735385522f1e68a8775b4f709e91d55_***_Tim, Claypole
cc734f776f10b3fb9b43816c9f617bb5_***_Christopher, Phillips
author Davide, Deganello
Tim, Claypole
Christopher, Phillips
author2 Chris Phillips
Awadh Al-Ahmadi
Sarah-Jane Potts
Tim Claypole
Davide Deganello
Tim Claypole
Christopher Phillips
format Journal article
container_title Journal of Materials Science
container_volume 52
container_issue 16
container_start_page 9520
publishDate 2017
institution Swansea University
issn 0022-2461
1573-4803
doi_str_mv 10.1007/s10853-017-1114-6
college_str College of Engineering
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hierarchy_top_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_top_title College of Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_parent_title College of Engineering
department_str Engineering{{{_:::_}}}College of Engineering{{{_:::_}}}Engineering
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description Conductive inks based on graphite and carbon black are used in a host of applications including energy storage, energy harvesting, electrochemical sensors and printed heaters. This requires accurate control of electrical properties tailored to the application; ink formulation is a fundamental element of this. Data on how formulation relates to properties have tended to apply to only single types of conductor at any time, with data on mixed types of carbon only empirical thus far. Therefore, screen printable carbon inks with differing graphite, carbon black and vinyl polymer content were formulated and printed to establish the effect on rheology, deposition and conductivity. The study found that at a higher total carbon loading ink of 29.4% by mass, optimal conductivity (0.029 Ω cm) was achieved at a graphite to carbon black ratio of 2.6 to 1. For a lower total carbon loading (21.7 mass %), this ratio was reduced to 1.8 to 1. Formulation affected viscosity and hence ink transfer and also surface roughness due to retention of features from the screen printing mesh and the inherent roughness of the carbon components, as well as the ability of features to be reproduced consistently.
published_date 2017-12-31T03:51:40Z
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