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Les familles dans la philosophie normative, entre groupes et individus / Gideon Calder; Magali Bessone
Raisons politiques, Volume: 66, Issue: 2, Start page: 143
Swansea University Author: Gideon, Calder
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Families are very often defined as groups – and occupy a key place in the analysis both of individuals' lived affiliations, and of wider aspects of society and policy. Yet the family barely features in political and normative debates about groups. This article addresses whether families are ind...
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Families are very often defined as groups – and occupy a key place in the analysis both of individuals' lived affiliations, and of wider aspects of society and policy. Yet the family barely features in political and normative debates about groups. This article addresses whether families are indeed groups, in the senses in which political theorists tackle group-related issues. The argument has three main parts. The first compares four general perspectives on this: N´ ew Right’ individualism, liberal egalitarianism, communitarianism and care ethics. For the first two, the family is treated as a kind of “macro individual”; for the latter two, as a “micro group”. The second part identifies three threats families pose to social justice – all of which are likely to apply to any other putative group. The third part distinguishes between two ways of distinguishing types of groups, according, respectively, to whether or not they are belief-based or cultural in nature. On the basis of this analysis, I argue that we should indeed address the family as a micro group, and that the particular significance of its roles in individuals’ lives should be factored into wider debates on groups and their political implications.
This is a translation of an article originally written in English, as 'Families, between groups and individuals'. (Prof Magali Bessone is translator, rather than co-author.) The English version of the text accepted for publication is uploaded here.
families, groups, individualism, New Right, liberal egalitarianism, communitarianism, care ethics
College of Human and Health Sciences