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Exercise training comprising of single 20-s cycle sprints does not provide a sufficient stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity in sedentary individuals / Richard, Metcalfe

European Journal of Applied Physiology, Volume: 116, Issue: 8, Pages: 1511 - 1517

Swansea University Author: Richard, Metcalfe

Abstract

PurposeSprint interval training (SIT) provides a potent stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity ( V˙O2maxV˙O2max), which is among the strongest markers for future cardiovascular health and premature mortality. Cycling-based SIT protocols involving six or more ‘all-out’ 30-s Wingate sprints p...

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Published in: European Journal of Applied Physiology
ISSN: 1439-6319 1439-6327
Published: 2016
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa35659
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fullrecord <?xml version="1.0"?><rfc1807><datestamp>2018-04-13T14:34:43.6316064</datestamp><bib-version>v2</bib-version><id>35659</id><entry>2017-09-26</entry><title>Exercise training comprising of single 20-s cycle sprints does not provide a sufficient stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity in sedentary individuals</title><swanseaauthors><author><sid>9bb783273dd9d54a2f3f66f75c43abdf</sid><ORCID>0000-0003-0980-2977</ORCID><firstname>Richard</firstname><surname>Metcalfe</surname><name>Richard Metcalfe</name><active>true</active><ethesisStudent>false</ethesisStudent></author></swanseaauthors><date>2017-09-26</date><deptcode>STSC</deptcode><abstract>PurposeSprint interval training (SIT) provides a potent stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity ( V&#x2D9;O2maxV&#x2D9;O2max), which is among the strongest markers for future cardiovascular health and premature mortality. Cycling-based SIT protocols involving six or more &#x2018;all-out&#x2019; 30-s Wingate sprints per training session improve V&#x2D9;O2maxV&#x2D9;O2max, but we have recently demonstrated that similar improvements in V&#x2D9;O2maxV&#x2D9;O2max can be achieved with as few as two 20-s sprints. This suggests that the volume of sprint exercise has limited influence on subsequent training adaptations. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine whether a single 20-s cycle sprint per training session can provide a sufficient stimulus for improving V&#x2D9;O2maxV&#x2D9;O2max.MethodsThirty sedentary or recreationally active participants (10 men/20 women; mean &#xB1; SD age: 24 &#xB1; 6 years, BMI: 22.6 &#xB1; 4.0 kg m&#x2212;2, V&#x2D9;O2maxV&#x2D9;O2max: 33 &#xB1; 7 mL kg&#x2212;1 min&#x2212;1) were randomised to a training group or a no-intervention control group. Training involved three exercise sessions per week for 4 weeks, consisting of a single 20-s Wingate sprint (no warm-up or cool-down). V&#x2D9;O2maxV&#x2D9;O2max was determined prior to training and 3 days following the final training session.ResultsMean V&#x2D9;O2maxV&#x2D9;O2max did not significantly change in the training group (2.15 &#xB1; 0.62 vs. 2.22 &#xB1; 0.64 L min&#x2212;1) or the control group (2.07 &#xB1; 0.69 vs. 2.08 &#xB1; 0.68 L min&#x2212;1; effect of time: P = 0.17; group &#xD7; time interaction effect: P = 0.26).ConclusionAlthough we have previously demonstrated that regularly performing two repeated 20-s &#x2018;all-out&#x2019; cycle sprints provides a sufficient training stimulus for a robust increase in V&#x2D9;O2maxV&#x2D9;O2max, our present study suggests that this is not the case when training sessions are limited to a single sprint.</abstract><type>Journal Article</type><journal>European Journal of Applied Physiology</journal><volume>116</volume><journalNumber>8</journalNumber><paginationStart>1511</paginationStart><paginationEnd>1517</paginationEnd><publisher/><issnPrint>1439-6319</issnPrint><issnElectronic>1439-6327</issnElectronic><keywords>V&#x2D9;O2 max, High-intensity interval training, SIT, Wingate sprint, Sprint interval</keywords><publishedDay>1</publishedDay><publishedMonth>8</publishedMonth><publishedYear>2016</publishedYear><publishedDate>2016-08-01</publishedDate><doi>10.1007/s00421-016-3409-8</doi><url/><notes/><college>COLLEGE NANME</college><department>Sports Science</department><CollegeCode>COLLEGE CODE</CollegeCode><DepartmentCode>STSC</DepartmentCode><institution>Swansea University</institution><lastEdited>2018-04-13T14:34:43.6316064</lastEdited><Created>2017-09-26T13:28:13.5358397</Created><path><level id="1">College of Engineering</level><level id="2">Engineering</level></path><authors><author><firstname>P.</firstname><surname>Songsorn</surname><order>1</order></author><author><firstname>A.</firstname><surname>Lambeth-Mansell</surname><order>2</order></author><author><firstname>J. L.</firstname><surname>Mair</surname><order>3</order></author><author><firstname>M.</firstname><surname>Haggett</surname><order>4</order></author><author><firstname>B. L.</firstname><surname>Fitzpatrick</surname><order>5</order></author><author><firstname>J.</firstname><surname>Ruffino</surname><order>6</order></author><author><firstname>A.</firstname><surname>Holliday</surname><order>7</order></author><author><firstname>R. S.</firstname><surname>Metcalfe</surname><order>8</order></author><author><firstname>N. B. J.</firstname><surname>Vollaard</surname><order>9</order></author><author><firstname>Richard</firstname><surname>Metcalfe</surname><orcid>0000-0003-0980-2977</orcid><order>10</order></author></authors><documents><document><filename>0035659-29092017100029.pdf</filename><originalFilename>Songsorn_etal_EurJApplPhysiol_2016.pdf</originalFilename><uploaded>2017-09-29T10:00:29.5200000</uploaded><type>Output</type><contentLength>505393</contentLength><contentType>application/pdf</contentType><version>Version of Record</version><cronfaStatus>true</cronfaStatus><action/><embargoDate>2017-09-29T00:00:00.0000000</embargoDate><copyrightCorrect>false</copyrightCorrect><language>eng</language></document></documents></rfc1807>
spelling 2018-04-13T14:34:43.6316064 v2 35659 2017-09-26 Exercise training comprising of single 20-s cycle sprints does not provide a sufficient stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity in sedentary individuals 9bb783273dd9d54a2f3f66f75c43abdf 0000-0003-0980-2977 Richard Metcalfe Richard Metcalfe true false 2017-09-26 STSC PurposeSprint interval training (SIT) provides a potent stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity ( V˙O2maxV˙O2max), which is among the strongest markers for future cardiovascular health and premature mortality. Cycling-based SIT protocols involving six or more ‘all-out’ 30-s Wingate sprints per training session improve V˙O2maxV˙O2max, but we have recently demonstrated that similar improvements in V˙O2maxV˙O2max can be achieved with as few as two 20-s sprints. This suggests that the volume of sprint exercise has limited influence on subsequent training adaptations. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine whether a single 20-s cycle sprint per training session can provide a sufficient stimulus for improving V˙O2maxV˙O2max.MethodsThirty sedentary or recreationally active participants (10 men/20 women; mean ± SD age: 24 ± 6 years, BMI: 22.6 ± 4.0 kg m−2, V˙O2maxV˙O2max: 33 ± 7 mL kg−1 min−1) were randomised to a training group or a no-intervention control group. Training involved three exercise sessions per week for 4 weeks, consisting of a single 20-s Wingate sprint (no warm-up or cool-down). V˙O2maxV˙O2max was determined prior to training and 3 days following the final training session.ResultsMean V˙O2maxV˙O2max did not significantly change in the training group (2.15 ± 0.62 vs. 2.22 ± 0.64 L min−1) or the control group (2.07 ± 0.69 vs. 2.08 ± 0.68 L min−1; effect of time: P = 0.17; group × time interaction effect: P = 0.26).ConclusionAlthough we have previously demonstrated that regularly performing two repeated 20-s ‘all-out’ cycle sprints provides a sufficient training stimulus for a robust increase in V˙O2maxV˙O2max, our present study suggests that this is not the case when training sessions are limited to a single sprint. Journal Article European Journal of Applied Physiology 116 8 1511 1517 1439-6319 1439-6327 V˙O2 max, High-intensity interval training, SIT, Wingate sprint, Sprint interval 1 8 2016 2016-08-01 10.1007/s00421-016-3409-8 COLLEGE NANME Sports Science COLLEGE CODE STSC Swansea University 2018-04-13T14:34:43.6316064 2017-09-26T13:28:13.5358397 College of Engineering Engineering P. Songsorn 1 A. Lambeth-Mansell 2 J. L. Mair 3 M. Haggett 4 B. L. Fitzpatrick 5 J. Ruffino 6 A. Holliday 7 R. S. Metcalfe 8 N. B. J. Vollaard 9 Richard Metcalfe 0000-0003-0980-2977 10 0035659-29092017100029.pdf Songsorn_etal_EurJApplPhysiol_2016.pdf 2017-09-29T10:00:29.5200000 Output 505393 application/pdf Version of Record true 2017-09-29T00:00:00.0000000 false eng
title Exercise training comprising of single 20-s cycle sprints does not provide a sufficient stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity in sedentary individuals
spellingShingle Exercise training comprising of single 20-s cycle sprints does not provide a sufficient stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity in sedentary individuals
Richard, Metcalfe
title_short Exercise training comprising of single 20-s cycle sprints does not provide a sufficient stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity in sedentary individuals
title_full Exercise training comprising of single 20-s cycle sprints does not provide a sufficient stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity in sedentary individuals
title_fullStr Exercise training comprising of single 20-s cycle sprints does not provide a sufficient stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity in sedentary individuals
title_full_unstemmed Exercise training comprising of single 20-s cycle sprints does not provide a sufficient stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity in sedentary individuals
title_sort Exercise training comprising of single 20-s cycle sprints does not provide a sufficient stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity in sedentary individuals
author_id_str_mv 9bb783273dd9d54a2f3f66f75c43abdf
author_id_fullname_str_mv 9bb783273dd9d54a2f3f66f75c43abdf_***_Richard, Metcalfe
author Richard, Metcalfe
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container_title European Journal of Applied Physiology
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description PurposeSprint interval training (SIT) provides a potent stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity ( V˙O2maxV˙O2max), which is among the strongest markers for future cardiovascular health and premature mortality. Cycling-based SIT protocols involving six or more ‘all-out’ 30-s Wingate sprints per training session improve V˙O2maxV˙O2max, but we have recently demonstrated that similar improvements in V˙O2maxV˙O2max can be achieved with as few as two 20-s sprints. This suggests that the volume of sprint exercise has limited influence on subsequent training adaptations. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine whether a single 20-s cycle sprint per training session can provide a sufficient stimulus for improving V˙O2maxV˙O2max.MethodsThirty sedentary or recreationally active participants (10 men/20 women; mean ± SD age: 24 ± 6 years, BMI: 22.6 ± 4.0 kg m−2, V˙O2maxV˙O2max: 33 ± 7 mL kg−1 min−1) were randomised to a training group or a no-intervention control group. Training involved three exercise sessions per week for 4 weeks, consisting of a single 20-s Wingate sprint (no warm-up or cool-down). V˙O2maxV˙O2max was determined prior to training and 3 days following the final training session.ResultsMean V˙O2maxV˙O2max did not significantly change in the training group (2.15 ± 0.62 vs. 2.22 ± 0.64 L min−1) or the control group (2.07 ± 0.69 vs. 2.08 ± 0.68 L min−1; effect of time: P = 0.17; group × time interaction effect: P = 0.26).ConclusionAlthough we have previously demonstrated that regularly performing two repeated 20-s ‘all-out’ cycle sprints provides a sufficient training stimulus for a robust increase in V˙O2maxV˙O2max, our present study suggests that this is not the case when training sessions are limited to a single sprint.
published_date 2016-08-01T19:53:59Z
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