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Can a hybrid RO-Freeze process lead to sustainable water supplies? / Mansour Ahmad; Darren Oatley-Radcliffe; Paul Williams
Desalination, Volume: 431, Pages: 140 - 150
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In this paper we investigate the potential for using suspension crystallisation for the production of clean drinking water from a seawater source. The experimental results show that the produced water from the suspension crystallisation plant not only meets water quality standards but is comparable...
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In this paper we investigate the potential for using suspension crystallisation for the production of clean drinking water from a seawater source. The experimental results show that the produced water from the suspension crystallisation plant not only meets water quality standards but is comparable in ionic composition to premier bottled water from around the globe. The experimental results obtained from a pilot scale suspension crystallisation unit showed that the achievable water recovery was around 41% and the salt rejection ratio reached over 99%, which is comparable with most desalination technologies. Moreover, a hybrid RO-Freeze plant has been proposed that is capable of significantly increasing the potable product water that could be achieved by RO alone (~ 400% increase), while simultaneously concentrating the RO brine (used as feed water) producing a super brine of ~ 13 wt%. While there is a cost to this additional process in terms of capital and energy that must be quantified, the obvious increase in water harvest and reduction in residual brine quantity lead to a very attractive desalination process. If the energy demands are acceptable, then this technology could lead to a more sustainable water future.
Desalination; Freeze; Brine; Reverse osmosis; Membranes; Suspension crystallisation
College of Engineering