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Determining Material Response for Polyvinyl Butyral (PVB) in Blast Loading Situations / P. Del Linz; Y. Wang; P. A. Hooper; H. Arora; D. Smith; L. Pascoe; D. Cormie; B. R. K. Blackman; J. P. Dear; Hari Arora
Experimental Mechanics, Volume: 56, Issue: 9, Pages: 1501 - 1517
Swansea University Author: Hari, Arora
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Protecting structures from the effect of blast loads requires the careful design of all building components. In this context, the mechanical properties of Polyvinyl Butyral (PVB) are of interest to designers as the membrane behaviour will affect the performance of laminated glass glazing when loaded...
|Published in:||Experimental Mechanics|
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Protecting structures from the effect of blast loads requires the careful design of all building components. In this context, the mechanical properties of Polyvinyl Butyral (PVB) are of interest to designers as the membrane behaviour will affect the performance of laminated glass glazing when loaded by explosion pressure waves. This polymer behaves in a complex manner and is difficult to model over the wide range of strain rates relevant to blast analysis. In this study, data from experimental tests conducted at strain rates from 0.01 s−1 to 400 s−1 were used to develop material models accounting for the rate dependency of the material. Firstly, two models were derived assuming Prony series formulations. A reduced polynomial spring and a spring derived from the model proposed by Hoo Fatt and Ouyang were used. Two fits were produced for each of these models, one for low rate cases, up to 8 s−1, and one for high rate cases, from 20 s−1. Afterwards, a single model representing all rates was produced using a finite deformation viscoelastic model. This assumed two hyperelastic springs in parallel, one of which was in series with a non-linear damper. The results were compared with the experimental results, assessing the quality of the fits in the strain range of interest for blast loading situations. This should provide designers with the information to choose between the available models depending on their design needs.
Polyvinyl Butyral, Laminated glass, Strain rate sensitivity, Viscoelasticity