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When normal scores don’t equate to independence: Recalibrating ratings of neurobehavioural disability from the ‘St Andrew’s – Swansea Neurobehavioural Outcome Scale’ to reflect context-dependent support / Nick Alderman; Claire Williams; Rodger Ll. Wood

Brain Injury, Volume: 32, Issue: 2, Pages: 218 - 229

Swansea University Author: Williams, Claire

Abstract

Context is critical to the interpretation of measurement instruments that capture acquired brain injury (ABI) outcomes. Ratings reflect behaviours and abilities observed in a particular setting; it cannot be assumed that results are generalizable beyond these. This study explored the utility of a me...

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Published in: Brain Injury
ISSN: 0269-9052 1362-301X
Published: Taylor and Francis 2017
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa37300
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Abstract: Context is critical to the interpretation of measurement instruments that capture acquired brain injury (ABI) outcomes. Ratings reflect behaviours and abilities observed in a particular setting; it cannot be assumed that results are generalizable beyond these. This study explored the utility of a method to convey the impact of context-dependent support given on ratings of neurobehavioural disability (NBD) using the St Andrews-Swansea Neurobehavioural Outcome Scale (SASNOS). A supplementary SASNOS scoring system was developed using a mixed-methods approach. Dependency ratings were used to recalibrate standardised SASNOS scores to reflect support received. To aid interpretation, an expert panel reviewed SASNOS ratings for 50 ABI cases participating in residential neurobehavioural rehabilitation programmes. An end-user survey was undertaken to explore some of its psychometric properties. Finally, a representative case study was employed to illustrate its clinical utility. The expert panel identified three dependency profiles: (1) Normal/Independent; (2) Normal/Dependent; and (3) Abnormal/Review. Survey results supported face and construct validity of the supplementary system; the case study demonstrated benefits of discriminating between dependency profiles. The supplementary scoring system enables SASNOS to convey the impact of support received on ratings of NBD, solidifying its usefulness for measuring outcomes in rehabilitation.
Keywords: Head injury, traumatic brain injury, assessment, neurobehavioural, rehabilitation
College: College of Human and Health Sciences
Issue: 2
Start Page: 218
End Page: 229