No Cover Image

Journal article 270 views 35 downloads

When normal scores don’t equate to independence: Recalibrating ratings of neurobehavioural disability from the ‘St Andrew’s – Swansea Neurobehavioural Outcome Scale’ to reflect context-dependent support / Claire, Williams

Brain Injury, Volume: 32, Issue: 2, Pages: 218 - 229

Swansea University Author: Claire, Williams

Abstract

Context is critical to the interpretation of measurement instruments that capture acquired brain injury (ABI) outcomes. Ratings reflect behaviours and abilities observed in a particular setting; it cannot be assumed that results are generalizable beyond these. This study explored the utility of a me...

Full description

Published in: Brain Injury
ISSN: 0269-9052 1362-301X
Published: Taylor and Francis 2017
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa37300
Tags: Add Tag
No Tags, Be the first to tag this record!
first_indexed 2017-12-02T05:03:10Z
last_indexed 2018-11-06T20:01:41Z
id cronfa37300
recordtype SURis
fullrecord <?xml version="1.0"?><rfc1807><datestamp>2018-11-06T16:02:38.3972502</datestamp><bib-version>v2</bib-version><id>37300</id><entry>2017-12-01</entry><title>When normal scores don&#x2019;t equate to independence: Recalibrating ratings of neurobehavioural disability from the &#x2018;St Andrew&#x2019;s &#x2013; Swansea Neurobehavioural Outcome Scale&#x2019; to reflect context-dependent support</title><swanseaauthors><author><sid>21dc2ebf100cf324becc27e8db6fde8d</sid><ORCID>0000-0002-0791-744X</ORCID><firstname>Claire</firstname><surname>Williams</surname><name>Claire Williams</name><active>true</active><ethesisStudent>false</ethesisStudent></author></swanseaauthors><date>2017-12-01</date><deptcode>HPS</deptcode><abstract>Context is critical to the interpretation of measurement instruments that capture acquired brain injury (ABI) outcomes. Ratings reflect behaviours and abilities observed in a particular setting; it cannot be assumed that results are generalizable beyond these. This study explored the utility of a method to convey the impact of context-dependent support given on ratings of neurobehavioural disability (NBD) using the St Andrews-Swansea Neurobehavioural Outcome Scale (SASNOS). A supplementary SASNOS scoring system was developed using a mixed-methods approach. Dependency ratings were used to recalibrate standardised SASNOS scores to reflect support received. To aid interpretation, an expert panel reviewed SASNOS ratings for 50 ABI cases participating in residential neurobehavioural rehabilitation programmes. An end-user survey was undertaken to explore some of its psychometric properties. Finally, a representative case study was employed to illustrate its clinical utility. The expert panel identified three dependency profiles: (1) Normal/Independent; (2) Normal/Dependent; and (3) Abnormal/Review. Survey results supported face and construct validity of the supplementary system; the case study demonstrated benefits of discriminating between dependency profiles. The supplementary scoring system enables SASNOS to convey the impact of support received on ratings of NBD, solidifying its usefulness for measuring outcomes in rehabilitation.</abstract><type>Journal Article</type><journal>Brain Injury</journal><volume>32</volume><journalNumber>2</journalNumber><paginationStart>218</paginationStart><paginationEnd>229</paginationEnd><publisher>Taylor and Francis</publisher><issnPrint>0269-9052</issnPrint><issnElectronic>1362-301X</issnElectronic><keywords>Head injury, traumatic brain injury, assessment, neurobehavioural, rehabilitation</keywords><publishedDay>1</publishedDay><publishedMonth>1</publishedMonth><publishedYear>2017</publishedYear><publishedDate>2017-01-01</publishedDate><doi>10.1080/02699052.2017.1406989</doi><url>www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02699052.2017.1406989</url><notes/><college>COLLEGE NANME</college><department>Psychology</department><CollegeCode>COLLEGE CODE</CollegeCode><DepartmentCode>HPS</DepartmentCode><institution>Swansea University</institution><lastEdited>2018-11-06T16:02:38.3972502</lastEdited><Created>2017-12-01T20:40:27.0804351</Created><path><level id="1">College of Human and Health Sciences</level><level id="2">Psychology</level></path><authors><author><firstname>Nick</firstname><surname>Alderman</surname><order>1</order></author><author><firstname>Claire</firstname><surname>Williams</surname><orcid>0000-0002-0791-744X</orcid><order>2</order></author><author><firstname>Rodger Ll.</firstname><surname>Wood</surname><order>3</order></author></authors><documents><document><filename>0037300-16022018155553.pdf</filename><originalFilename>37300.pdf</originalFilename><uploaded>2018-02-16T15:55:53.6200000</uploaded><type>Output</type><contentLength>584275</contentLength><contentType>application/pdf</contentType><version>Accepted Manuscript</version><cronfaStatus>true</cronfaStatus><action/><embargoDate>2018-11-30T00:00:00.0000000</embargoDate><copyrightCorrect>true</copyrightCorrect><language>eng</language></document></documents></rfc1807>
spelling 2018-11-06T16:02:38.3972502 v2 37300 2017-12-01 When normal scores don’t equate to independence: Recalibrating ratings of neurobehavioural disability from the ‘St Andrew’s – Swansea Neurobehavioural Outcome Scale’ to reflect context-dependent support 21dc2ebf100cf324becc27e8db6fde8d 0000-0002-0791-744X Claire Williams Claire Williams true false 2017-12-01 HPS Context is critical to the interpretation of measurement instruments that capture acquired brain injury (ABI) outcomes. Ratings reflect behaviours and abilities observed in a particular setting; it cannot be assumed that results are generalizable beyond these. This study explored the utility of a method to convey the impact of context-dependent support given on ratings of neurobehavioural disability (NBD) using the St Andrews-Swansea Neurobehavioural Outcome Scale (SASNOS). A supplementary SASNOS scoring system was developed using a mixed-methods approach. Dependency ratings were used to recalibrate standardised SASNOS scores to reflect support received. To aid interpretation, an expert panel reviewed SASNOS ratings for 50 ABI cases participating in residential neurobehavioural rehabilitation programmes. An end-user survey was undertaken to explore some of its psychometric properties. Finally, a representative case study was employed to illustrate its clinical utility. The expert panel identified three dependency profiles: (1) Normal/Independent; (2) Normal/Dependent; and (3) Abnormal/Review. Survey results supported face and construct validity of the supplementary system; the case study demonstrated benefits of discriminating between dependency profiles. The supplementary scoring system enables SASNOS to convey the impact of support received on ratings of NBD, solidifying its usefulness for measuring outcomes in rehabilitation. Journal Article Brain Injury 32 2 218 229 Taylor and Francis 0269-9052 1362-301X Head injury, traumatic brain injury, assessment, neurobehavioural, rehabilitation 1 1 2017 2017-01-01 10.1080/02699052.2017.1406989 www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02699052.2017.1406989 COLLEGE NANME Psychology COLLEGE CODE HPS Swansea University 2018-11-06T16:02:38.3972502 2017-12-01T20:40:27.0804351 College of Human and Health Sciences Psychology Nick Alderman 1 Claire Williams 0000-0002-0791-744X 2 Rodger Ll. Wood 3 0037300-16022018155553.pdf 37300.pdf 2018-02-16T15:55:53.6200000 Output 584275 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true 2018-11-30T00:00:00.0000000 true eng
title When normal scores don’t equate to independence: Recalibrating ratings of neurobehavioural disability from the ‘St Andrew’s – Swansea Neurobehavioural Outcome Scale’ to reflect context-dependent support
spellingShingle When normal scores don’t equate to independence: Recalibrating ratings of neurobehavioural disability from the ‘St Andrew’s – Swansea Neurobehavioural Outcome Scale’ to reflect context-dependent support
Claire, Williams
title_short When normal scores don’t equate to independence: Recalibrating ratings of neurobehavioural disability from the ‘St Andrew’s – Swansea Neurobehavioural Outcome Scale’ to reflect context-dependent support
title_full When normal scores don’t equate to independence: Recalibrating ratings of neurobehavioural disability from the ‘St Andrew’s – Swansea Neurobehavioural Outcome Scale’ to reflect context-dependent support
title_fullStr When normal scores don’t equate to independence: Recalibrating ratings of neurobehavioural disability from the ‘St Andrew’s – Swansea Neurobehavioural Outcome Scale’ to reflect context-dependent support
title_full_unstemmed When normal scores don’t equate to independence: Recalibrating ratings of neurobehavioural disability from the ‘St Andrew’s – Swansea Neurobehavioural Outcome Scale’ to reflect context-dependent support
title_sort When normal scores don’t equate to independence: Recalibrating ratings of neurobehavioural disability from the ‘St Andrew’s – Swansea Neurobehavioural Outcome Scale’ to reflect context-dependent support
author_id_str_mv 21dc2ebf100cf324becc27e8db6fde8d
author_id_fullname_str_mv 21dc2ebf100cf324becc27e8db6fde8d_***_Claire, Williams
author Claire, Williams
format Journal article
container_title Brain Injury
container_volume 32
container_issue 2
container_start_page 218
publishDate 2017
institution Swansea University
issn 0269-9052
1362-301X
doi_str_mv 10.1080/02699052.2017.1406989
publisher Taylor and Francis
college_str College of Human and Health Sciences
hierarchytype
hierarchy_top_id collegeofhumanandhealthsciences
hierarchy_top_title College of Human and Health Sciences
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofhumanandhealthsciences
hierarchy_parent_title College of Human and Health Sciences
department_str Psychology{{{_:::_}}}College of Human and Health Sciences{{{_:::_}}}Psychology
url www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02699052.2017.1406989
document_store_str 1
active_str 0
description Context is critical to the interpretation of measurement instruments that capture acquired brain injury (ABI) outcomes. Ratings reflect behaviours and abilities observed in a particular setting; it cannot be assumed that results are generalizable beyond these. This study explored the utility of a method to convey the impact of context-dependent support given on ratings of neurobehavioural disability (NBD) using the St Andrews-Swansea Neurobehavioural Outcome Scale (SASNOS). A supplementary SASNOS scoring system was developed using a mixed-methods approach. Dependency ratings were used to recalibrate standardised SASNOS scores to reflect support received. To aid interpretation, an expert panel reviewed SASNOS ratings for 50 ABI cases participating in residential neurobehavioural rehabilitation programmes. An end-user survey was undertaken to explore some of its psychometric properties. Finally, a representative case study was employed to illustrate its clinical utility. The expert panel identified three dependency profiles: (1) Normal/Independent; (2) Normal/Dependent; and (3) Abnormal/Review. Survey results supported face and construct validity of the supplementary system; the case study demonstrated benefits of discriminating between dependency profiles. The supplementary scoring system enables SASNOS to convey the impact of support received on ratings of NBD, solidifying its usefulness for measuring outcomes in rehabilitation.
published_date 2017-01-01T12:57:57Z
_version_ 1652628209551802368
score 10.873003