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Effect of alkyl chain length on the properties of triphenylamine-based hole transport materials and their performance in perovskite solar cells / Rosinda Fuentes Pineda; Joel Troughton; Miquel Planells; Irene Sanchez-Molina Santos; Farmin Muhith; Gary S. Nichol; Saif Haque; Trystan Watson; Neil Robertson
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Volume: 20, Issue: 2, Pages: 1252 - 1260
Swansea University Author: Watson, Trystan
A new series of diacetylide-triphenylamine (DATPA) derivatives with five different alkyl chains in the para position, MeO, EtO, nPrO, iPrO and BuO, were synthesised, fully characterised and their function as hole-transport materials in perovskite solar cells (PSC) studied. Their thermal, optical and...
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A new series of diacetylide-triphenylamine (DATPA) derivatives with five different alkyl chains in the para position, MeO, EtO, nPrO, iPrO and BuO, were synthesised, fully characterised and their function as hole-transport materials in perovskite solar cells (PSC) studied. Their thermal, optical and electrochemical properties were investigated along with their molecular packing and charge transport properties to analyse the influence of different alkyl chains in the solar cell parameters. The shorter alkyl chain facilitates more compact packing structures which enhanced the hole mobilities and reduced recombination. This work suggests that the molecule with the methoxy substituent (MeO) exhibits the best semiconductive properties with a power conversion efficiency of up to 5.63%, an open circuit voltage (Voc) of 0.83 V, a photocurrent density (Jsc) of 10.84 mA cm−2 and a fill factor of 62.3% in perovskite solar cells. Upon replacing the methoxy group with longer alkyl chain substituents without changing the energy levels, there is a decrease in the charge mobility as well as PCE (e.g. 3.29% for BuO-DATPA). The alkyl chain length of semiconductive molecules plays an important role in achieving high performance perovskite solar cells.
Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Experimental details of the synthesis of the DATPA derivatives, additional electrochemical measurments, DSC curves, X-ray structures, extended crystallographic table, powder diffraction data, calculated HOMO and LUMO energy levels of all DATPA derivatives, transfer characteristic curves for the mobility calculations, transient absorption spectroscopy curves and additional solar cell parameters. 1 H and 13C for all the synthesised compounds. CCDC 1574478–1574480 and 1574719. For ESI and crystallographic data in CIF or other electronic format see DOI: 10.1039/c7cp07682g
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