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Competition Intensity and Fatigue in Elite Fencing

Anthony N. Turner, Liam Kilduff Orcid Logo, Geoff J.G. Marshall, James Phillips, Angelo Noto, Conor Buttigieg, Marcela Gondek, Frank A. Hills, Lygeri Dimitriou

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Volume: 31, Issue: 11, Pages: 3128 - 3136

Swansea University Author: Liam Kilduff Orcid Logo

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Abstract

As yet, no studies have characterized fencing competitions. Therefore, in elite male foilists and across 2 competitions, we investigated their countermovement jump height, testosterone (T), cortisol (C), alpha-amylase (AA), immunoglobulin A (IgA), heart rate (HR), blood lactate (BL), and rating of p...

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Published in: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
ISSN: 1064-8011
Published: 2017
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa39352
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Abstract: As yet, no studies have characterized fencing competitions. Therefore, in elite male foilists and across 2 competitions, we investigated their countermovement jump height, testosterone (T), cortisol (C), alpha-amylase (AA), immunoglobulin A (IgA), heart rate (HR), blood lactate (BL), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE). Average (±SD) scores for RPE, BL, and HR (average, max, and percentage of time ≥80% HRmax) were highest in the knockout bouts compared with poules (8.5 ± 1.3 vs. 5.7 ± 1.3, 3.6 ± 1.0 vs. 3.1 ± 1.4 mmol·L, 171 ± 5 vs. 168 ± 8 b·min−1, 195 ± 7 vs. 192 ± 7 b·min−1, 74 vs. 68%); however, only significant (p ≤ 0.05) for RPE. Countermovement jump height, albeit nonsignificantly (p > 0.05), increased throughout competition and dropped thereafter. Although responses of C, AA, and IgA showed a tendency to increase during competition and drop thereafter (T and T:C doing the opposite), no significant differences were noted for any analyte. Results suggest that fencing is a high-intensity anaerobic sport, relying on alactic energy sources. However, some bouts evoke BL values of ≥4 mmol·L and thus derive energy from anaerobic glycolysis. High HRs appear possible on account of ample within- and between-bout rest. The small competition load associated with fencing competitions may explain the nonsignificant findings noticed.
College: College of Engineering
Issue: 11
Start Page: 3128
End Page: 3136