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Examining theories of cognitive ageing using the false memory paradigm

Charlotte Askey, David Playfoot Orcid Logo

Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, Volume: 71, Issue: 4, Pages: 931 - 939

Swansea University Author: David Playfoot Orcid Logo

Abstract

In this paper, we used the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) false memory paradigm to test two contending theories of cognitive ageing - the Transmission Deficit Hypothesis and the Inhibitory Deficit Hypothesis. The DRM lists contain a number of words (e.g. dream, bed, blanket) that are all related to...

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Published in: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
ISSN: 1747-0218 1747-0226
Published: 2018
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa40785
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Abstract: In this paper, we used the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) false memory paradigm to test two contending theories of cognitive ageing - the Transmission Deficit Hypothesis and the Inhibitory Deficit Hypothesis. The DRM lists contain a number of words (e.g. dream, bed, blanket) that are all related to a single, non-presented lure (e.g. SLEEP). Participants often report that the lure was actually presented in the list; and the longer the list, the more likely the participants are to make this error. The transmission deficit hypothesis predicts that as we age, we are less likely to make the errors with shorter lists; the inhibitory deficit hypothesis suggests that errors will be made with shorter and shorter lists. Our data offered support for the inhibitory deficit hypothesis
Keywords: Memory, Cognitive Ageing
College: College of Human and Health Sciences
Issue: 4
Start Page: 931
End Page: 939