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Enhancement of ligninolytic enzymes production and decolourising activity in Leptosphaerulina sp. by co–cultivation with Trichoderma viride and Aspergillus terreus / Jersson, Placido Escobar
Science of The Total Environment, Volume: 646, Pages: 1536 - 1545
Swansea University Author: Jersson, Placido Escobar
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This work investigated fungal co‒culture as inducer of ligninolytic enzymes and decolourising activity in the Colombian strain Leptosphaerulina sp., an ascomycete white-rot fungus isolated from lignocellulosic material. Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus terreus, Trichoderma virid...
|Published in:||Science of The Total Environment|
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This work investigated fungal co‒culture as inducer of ligninolytic enzymes and decolourising activity in the Colombian strain Leptosphaerulina sp., an ascomycete white-rot fungus isolated from lignocellulosic material. Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus terreus, Trichoderma viride, Fusarium sp. and Penicillium chrysogenum were tested as Leptosphaerulina sp. inducers. The best fungal combinations in terms of enzyme production, fungal growth and decolourising activity were selected from solid media experiments. Response surface methodology (RSM) was utilised to optimise enzyme production and decolourising activity in liquid media. Solid media assays evidenced T. viride and A. terreus as the best Leptosphaerulina sp. inducers. The RSM identified a triple co‒culture inoculated with T. viride (1000 µL) and A. terreus (1000 µL) into a 7‒day culture of Leptosphaerulina sp. as the best treatment. This triple combination significantly improved ligninolytic enzymes production and Reactive Black 5 dye removal when compared to the Leptosphaerulina sp. monoculture and previously used chemical inducers. These results demonstrated the potential of fungal co‒culture as an environmentally‒friendly method to enhance Leptosphaerulina sp. enzymes production and decolourising activity.
White-rot fungi; Fungal inducers; Fungal co‒culture; Bioremediation; Response surface methodology.
Swansea University Medical School