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Optimisation of the removal of oil in water emulsion by using ceramic microfiltration membrane and hybrid coagulation/sand filter-MF

Abdullah Almojjly, Daniel Johnson Orcid Logo, Stephen Mandale, Nidal Hilal

Journal of Water Process Engineering, Volume: 27, Pages: 15 - 23

Swansea University Authors: Daniel Johnson Orcid Logo, Nidal Hilal

Abstract

Many industries produce oil-water emulsions as major waste streams, which require specialised treatment, including the petrochemical, oil and gas and some food industries. One method to remove oil droplets from wastewater is using ceramic tubular microfiltration membranes. However, such membranes ar...

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Published in: Journal of Water Process Engineering
ISSN: 2214-7144
Published: 2019
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa45863
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first_indexed 2018-11-12T14:23:55Z
last_indexed 2019-01-23T14:00:15Z
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spelling 2019-01-23T06:49:47.0347057 v2 45863 2018-11-12 Optimisation of the removal of oil in water emulsion by using ceramic microfiltration membrane and hybrid coagulation/sand filter-MF 4bdcc306062428d2715b0dd308cc092f 0000-0001-6921-0389 Daniel Johnson Daniel Johnson true false 3acba771241d878c8e35ff464aec0342 Nidal Hilal Nidal Hilal true false 2018-11-12 Many industries produce oil-water emulsions as major waste streams, which require specialised treatment, including the petrochemical, oil and gas and some food industries. One method to remove oil droplets from wastewater is using ceramic tubular microfiltration membranes. However, such membranes are vulnerable to fouling, which causes operational impairment. The aim of this work is to reduce ceramic membrane fouling by exploring the combination of ceramic membranes with several pre-treatment options. We have compared direct oil-water emulsion treatment using a ceramic microfiltration (MF) membrane with a hybrid system of coagulation/ sand filtration pre-treatment prior to ceramic membrane MF. Superior permeate flux was obtained using the hybrid coagulation/sand filter –MF process due to a reduction of membrane fouling by reducing the oil concentration in the inlet emulsion to the ceramic membrane. Moreover, the oil removal efficiency for hybrid coagulation/sand filter –MF was higher than when using combined sand filter/MF, direct ceramic membrane MF and sand filtration alone. Journal Article Journal of Water Process Engineering 27 15 23 2214-7144 Ceramic membranes, Emulsion; Coagulation; Microfiltration; Fouling; Hybrid; Sand filter 1 2 2019 2019-02-01 10.1016/j.jwpe.2018.11.007 COLLEGE NANME COLLEGE CODE Swansea University 2019-01-23T06:49:47.0347057 2018-11-12T04:54:54.9536596 College of Engineering Engineering Abdullah Almojjly 1 Daniel Johnson 0000-0001-6921-0389 2 Stephen Mandale 3 Nidal Hilal 4 0045863-16112018140330.pdf Almojjly2018(2).pdf 2018-11-16T14:03:30.0900000 Output 1600771 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true 2019-11-24T00:00:00.0000000 true eng
title Optimisation of the removal of oil in water emulsion by using ceramic microfiltration membrane and hybrid coagulation/sand filter-MF
spellingShingle Optimisation of the removal of oil in water emulsion by using ceramic microfiltration membrane and hybrid coagulation/sand filter-MF
Daniel Johnson
Nidal Hilal
title_short Optimisation of the removal of oil in water emulsion by using ceramic microfiltration membrane and hybrid coagulation/sand filter-MF
title_full Optimisation of the removal of oil in water emulsion by using ceramic microfiltration membrane and hybrid coagulation/sand filter-MF
title_fullStr Optimisation of the removal of oil in water emulsion by using ceramic microfiltration membrane and hybrid coagulation/sand filter-MF
title_full_unstemmed Optimisation of the removal of oil in water emulsion by using ceramic microfiltration membrane and hybrid coagulation/sand filter-MF
title_sort Optimisation of the removal of oil in water emulsion by using ceramic microfiltration membrane and hybrid coagulation/sand filter-MF
author_id_str_mv 4bdcc306062428d2715b0dd308cc092f
3acba771241d878c8e35ff464aec0342
author_id_fullname_str_mv 4bdcc306062428d2715b0dd308cc092f_***_Daniel Johnson
3acba771241d878c8e35ff464aec0342_***_Nidal Hilal
author Daniel Johnson
Nidal Hilal
author2 Abdullah Almojjly
Daniel Johnson
Stephen Mandale
Nidal Hilal
format Journal article
container_title Journal of Water Process Engineering
container_volume 27
container_start_page 15
publishDate 2019
institution Swansea University
issn 2214-7144
doi_str_mv 10.1016/j.jwpe.2018.11.007
college_str College of Engineering
hierarchytype
hierarchy_top_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_top_title College of Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_parent_title College of Engineering
department_str Engineering{{{_:::_}}}College of Engineering{{{_:::_}}}Engineering
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description Many industries produce oil-water emulsions as major waste streams, which require specialised treatment, including the petrochemical, oil and gas and some food industries. One method to remove oil droplets from wastewater is using ceramic tubular microfiltration membranes. However, such membranes are vulnerable to fouling, which causes operational impairment. The aim of this work is to reduce ceramic membrane fouling by exploring the combination of ceramic membranes with several pre-treatment options. We have compared direct oil-water emulsion treatment using a ceramic microfiltration (MF) membrane with a hybrid system of coagulation/ sand filtration pre-treatment prior to ceramic membrane MF. Superior permeate flux was obtained using the hybrid coagulation/sand filter –MF process due to a reduction of membrane fouling by reducing the oil concentration in the inlet emulsion to the ceramic membrane. Moreover, the oil removal efficiency for hybrid coagulation/sand filter –MF was higher than when using combined sand filter/MF, direct ceramic membrane MF and sand filtration alone.
published_date 2019-02-01T04:00:00Z
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score 10.918696