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Investigations of the effect of pore size of ceramic membranes on the pilot-scale removal of oil from oil-water emulsion
Journal of Water Process Engineering, Volume: 31, Start page: 100868
Swansea University Authors: Daniel Johnson , Nidal Hilal
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DOI (Published version): 10.1016/j.jwpe.2019.100868
Oil-water emulsions are one of the most serious pollutants because of the large quantities produced by various industries, such as the petrochemical, oil and gas industries. One of the major methods to remove oil from wastewater is filtration using ceramic tubular microfiltration membranes. However,...
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Oil-water emulsions are one of the most serious pollutants because of the large quantities produced by various industries, such as the petrochemical, oil and gas industries. One of the major methods to remove oil from wastewater is filtration using ceramic tubular microfiltration membranes. However, such membranes are vulnerable to fouling, which causes operational impairment. The aims of this work are to study the influence of membrane pore size on permeate flux and oil removal efficiency at different operating parameters and the reduction in fouling when used in combination with hybrid Coagulation/sand filter-MF pre-treatment process. The droplet size of the oil-water emulsion has an interaction with the pore size of the ceramic membrane. Therefore, each pore size may be optimal, depending upon the concentration of oil in the emulsion, and hence droplet size. Steady-state flux and oil removal efficiency were found to b highest for hybrid coagulation/sand filter –MF due to a reduction of membrane fouling by reducing the oil concentration in the inlet emulsion to the ceramic membrane.
Ceramic membranes, Pore size; Coagulation; Microfiltration; Oil removal efficiency; Hybrid; Sand filter.
Faculty of Science and Engineering