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The welsh Welsh – Y Cymry cymreig: A study of cultural exclusion among ruraldwelling older people using a critical human ecological framework / Bethan Winter; Vanessa Burholt

International Journal of Ageing and Later Life, Volume: 12, Issue: 2, Pages: 1 - 33

Swansea University Author: Burholt, Vanessa

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Abstract

Research on cultural exclusion has not kept apace with transformations to rural populations, economy, family structures and community relationships. Cultural exclusion refers to the extent to which people are able or willing to conform to cultural norms and values. We theorise cultural exclusion usi...

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Published in: International Journal of Ageing and Later Life
ISSN: 1652-8670
Published: Linkoping University University Press 2018
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa49005
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Abstract: Research on cultural exclusion has not kept apace with transformations to rural populations, economy, family structures and community relationships. Cultural exclusion refers to the extent to which people are able or willing to conform to cultural norms and values. We theorise cultural exclusion using the critical human ecological framework and social comparison theory, taking into account period effects, area effects and cohort and/or lifecourse effects. Qualitative case studies in three rural areas of South Wales (United Kingdom) synthesise data from life-history interviews, life-history calendars, documentary sources and focus groups (n = 56). Our findings suggest that cultural exclusion is an issue for rural-dwelling older people, which they describe by temporal self-comparison and group comparisons. The critical human ecological framework provides new insight into the drivers (industrial decline, policy and population change, a shift from collectivism to individualism), and outcomes (sense of belonging, community cohesion) of cultural exclusion experienced by rural-dwelling older people.
Keywords: rurality, cultural exclusion, social comparison, critical human ecology, collectivism, individualism.
College: College of Human and Health Sciences
Issue: 2
Start Page: 1
End Page: 33