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Oral l-menthol reduces thermal sensation, increases work-rate and extends time to exhaustion, in the heat at a fixed rating of perceived exertion / T. R. Flood, Mark Waldron, O. Jeffries

European Journal of Applied Physiology, Volume: 117, Issue: 7, Pages: 1501 - 1512

Swansea University Author: Mark Waldron

Abstract

PurposeThe study investigated the effect of a non-thermal cooling agent, l-menthol, on exercise at a fixed subjective rating of perceived exertion (RPE) in a hot environment.MethodEight male participants completed two trials at an exercise intensity between ‘hard’ and ‘very hard’, equating to 16 on...

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Published in: European Journal of Applied Physiology
ISSN: 1439-6319 1439-6327
Published: Springer 2017
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa51419
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fullrecord <?xml version="1.0"?><rfc1807><datestamp>2020-07-20T13:28:41.2687048</datestamp><bib-version>v2</bib-version><id>51419</id><entry>2019-08-15</entry><title>Oral l-menthol reduces thermal sensation, increases work-rate and extends time to exhaustion, in the heat at a fixed rating of perceived exertion</title><swanseaauthors><author><sid>70db7c6c54d46f5e70b39e5ae0a056fa</sid><ORCID>0000-0002-2720-4615</ORCID><firstname>Mark</firstname><surname>Waldron</surname><name>Mark Waldron</name><active>true</active><ethesisStudent>false</ethesisStudent></author></swanseaauthors><date>2019-08-15</date><deptcode>STSC</deptcode><abstract>PurposeThe study investigated the effect of a non-thermal cooling agent, l-menthol, on exercise at a fixed subjective rating of perceived exertion (RPE) in a hot environment.MethodEight male participants completed two trials at an exercise intensity between &#x2018;hard&#x2019; and &#x2018;very hard&#x2019;, equating to 16 on the RPE scale at ~35 &#xB0;C. Participants were instructed to continually adjust their power output to maintain an RPE of 16 throughout the exercise trial, stopping once power output had fallen by 30%. In a randomized crossover design, either l-menthol or placebo mouthwash was administered prior to exercise and at 10 min intervals. Power output, VO2, heart rate, core and skin temperature was monitored, alongside thermal sensation and thermal comfort. Isokinetic peak power sprints were conducted prior to and immediately after the fixed RPE trial.ResultsExercise time was greater (23:23 &#xB1; 3:36 vs. 21:44 &#xB1; 2:32 min; P = 0.049) and average power output increased (173 &#xB1; 24 vs. 167 &#xB1; 24 W; P = 0.044) in the l-menthol condition. Peak isokinetic sprint power declined from pre-post trial in the l-menthol l (9.0%; P = 0.015) but not in the placebo condition (3.4%; P = 0.275). Thermal sensation was lower in the l-menthol condition (P = 0.036), despite no changes in skin or core temperature (P &gt; 0.05).Conclusion These results indicate that a non-thermal cooling mouth rinse lowered thermal sensation, resulting in an elevated work rate, which extended exercise time in the heat at a fixed RPE.</abstract><type>Journal Article</type><journal>European Journal of Applied Physiology</journal><volume>117</volume><journalNumber>7</journalNumber><paginationStart>1501</paginationStart><paginationEnd>1512</paginationEnd><publisher>Springer</publisher><issnPrint>1439-6319</issnPrint><issnElectronic>1439-6327</issnElectronic><keywords>Menthol, Exercise, Heat, Thermoregulation, Perception, Pacing</keywords><publishedDay>1</publishedDay><publishedMonth>7</publishedMonth><publishedYear>2017</publishedYear><publishedDate>2017-07-01</publishedDate><doi>10.1007/s00421-017-3645-6</doi><url/><notes/><college>COLLEGE NANME</college><department>Sport and Exercise Sciences</department><CollegeCode>COLLEGE CODE</CollegeCode><DepartmentCode>STSC</DepartmentCode><institution>Swansea University</institution><apcterm/><lastEdited>2020-07-20T13:28:41.2687048</lastEdited><Created>2019-08-15T14:57:10.9767540</Created><authors><author><firstname>T. R.</firstname><surname>Flood</surname><order>1</order></author><author><firstname>Mark</firstname><surname>Waldron</surname><orcid>0000-0002-2720-4615</orcid><order>2</order></author><author><firstname>O.</firstname><surname>Jeffries</surname><order>3</order></author></authors><documents><document><filename>51419__15773__b6a1ff4a656c4b4a9e3a39cb4aa78865.pdf</filename><originalFilename>51419.pdf</originalFilename><uploaded>2019-10-31T13:36:07.0449659</uploaded><type>Output</type><contentLength>354807</contentLength><contentType>application/pdf</contentType><version>Accepted Manuscript</version><cronfaStatus>true</cronfaStatus><copyrightCorrect>true</copyrightCorrect></document></documents><OutputDurs/></rfc1807>
spelling 2020-07-20T13:28:41.2687048 v2 51419 2019-08-15 Oral l-menthol reduces thermal sensation, increases work-rate and extends time to exhaustion, in the heat at a fixed rating of perceived exertion 70db7c6c54d46f5e70b39e5ae0a056fa 0000-0002-2720-4615 Mark Waldron Mark Waldron true false 2019-08-15 STSC PurposeThe study investigated the effect of a non-thermal cooling agent, l-menthol, on exercise at a fixed subjective rating of perceived exertion (RPE) in a hot environment.MethodEight male participants completed two trials at an exercise intensity between ‘hard’ and ‘very hard’, equating to 16 on the RPE scale at ~35 °C. Participants were instructed to continually adjust their power output to maintain an RPE of 16 throughout the exercise trial, stopping once power output had fallen by 30%. In a randomized crossover design, either l-menthol or placebo mouthwash was administered prior to exercise and at 10 min intervals. Power output, VO2, heart rate, core and skin temperature was monitored, alongside thermal sensation and thermal comfort. Isokinetic peak power sprints were conducted prior to and immediately after the fixed RPE trial.ResultsExercise time was greater (23:23 ± 3:36 vs. 21:44 ± 2:32 min; P = 0.049) and average power output increased (173 ± 24 vs. 167 ± 24 W; P = 0.044) in the l-menthol condition. Peak isokinetic sprint power declined from pre-post trial in the l-menthol l (9.0%; P = 0.015) but not in the placebo condition (3.4%; P = 0.275). Thermal sensation was lower in the l-menthol condition (P = 0.036), despite no changes in skin or core temperature (P > 0.05).Conclusion These results indicate that a non-thermal cooling mouth rinse lowered thermal sensation, resulting in an elevated work rate, which extended exercise time in the heat at a fixed RPE. Journal Article European Journal of Applied Physiology 117 7 1501 1512 Springer 1439-6319 1439-6327 Menthol, Exercise, Heat, Thermoregulation, Perception, Pacing 1 7 2017 2017-07-01 10.1007/s00421-017-3645-6 COLLEGE NANME Sport and Exercise Sciences COLLEGE CODE STSC Swansea University 2020-07-20T13:28:41.2687048 2019-08-15T14:57:10.9767540 T. R. Flood 1 Mark Waldron 0000-0002-2720-4615 2 O. Jeffries 3 51419__15773__b6a1ff4a656c4b4a9e3a39cb4aa78865.pdf 51419.pdf 2019-10-31T13:36:07.0449659 Output 354807 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true true
title Oral l-menthol reduces thermal sensation, increases work-rate and extends time to exhaustion, in the heat at a fixed rating of perceived exertion
spellingShingle Oral l-menthol reduces thermal sensation, increases work-rate and extends time to exhaustion, in the heat at a fixed rating of perceived exertion
Mark, Waldron
title_short Oral l-menthol reduces thermal sensation, increases work-rate and extends time to exhaustion, in the heat at a fixed rating of perceived exertion
title_full Oral l-menthol reduces thermal sensation, increases work-rate and extends time to exhaustion, in the heat at a fixed rating of perceived exertion
title_fullStr Oral l-menthol reduces thermal sensation, increases work-rate and extends time to exhaustion, in the heat at a fixed rating of perceived exertion
title_full_unstemmed Oral l-menthol reduces thermal sensation, increases work-rate and extends time to exhaustion, in the heat at a fixed rating of perceived exertion
title_sort Oral l-menthol reduces thermal sensation, increases work-rate and extends time to exhaustion, in the heat at a fixed rating of perceived exertion
author_id_str_mv 70db7c6c54d46f5e70b39e5ae0a056fa
author_id_fullname_str_mv 70db7c6c54d46f5e70b39e5ae0a056fa_***_Mark, Waldron
author Mark, Waldron
author2 T. R. Flood
Mark Waldron
O. Jeffries
format Journal article
container_title European Journal of Applied Physiology
container_volume 117
container_issue 7
container_start_page 1501
publishDate 2017
institution Swansea University
issn 1439-6319
1439-6327
doi_str_mv 10.1007/s00421-017-3645-6
publisher Springer
document_store_str 1
active_str 0
description PurposeThe study investigated the effect of a non-thermal cooling agent, l-menthol, on exercise at a fixed subjective rating of perceived exertion (RPE) in a hot environment.MethodEight male participants completed two trials at an exercise intensity between ‘hard’ and ‘very hard’, equating to 16 on the RPE scale at ~35 °C. Participants were instructed to continually adjust their power output to maintain an RPE of 16 throughout the exercise trial, stopping once power output had fallen by 30%. In a randomized crossover design, either l-menthol or placebo mouthwash was administered prior to exercise and at 10 min intervals. Power output, VO2, heart rate, core and skin temperature was monitored, alongside thermal sensation and thermal comfort. Isokinetic peak power sprints were conducted prior to and immediately after the fixed RPE trial.ResultsExercise time was greater (23:23 ± 3:36 vs. 21:44 ± 2:32 min; P = 0.049) and average power output increased (173 ± 24 vs. 167 ± 24 W; P = 0.044) in the l-menthol condition. Peak isokinetic sprint power declined from pre-post trial in the l-menthol l (9.0%; P = 0.015) but not in the placebo condition (3.4%; P = 0.275). Thermal sensation was lower in the l-menthol condition (P = 0.036), despite no changes in skin or core temperature (P > 0.05).Conclusion These results indicate that a non-thermal cooling mouth rinse lowered thermal sensation, resulting in an elevated work rate, which extended exercise time in the heat at a fixed RPE.
published_date 2017-07-01T04:08:50Z
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