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p-Doping of organic hole transport layers in p–i–n perovskite solar cells: correlating open-circuit voltage and photoluminescence quenching / Tian Du, Weidong Xu, Matyas Daboczi, Jinhyun Kim, Shengda Xu, Chieh-Ting Lin, Hongkyu Kang, Kwanghee Lee, Martin J. Heeney, Ji-Seon Kim, James Durrant, Martyn A. McLachlan

Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Volume: 7, Issue: 32, Pages: 18971 - 18979

Swansea University Author: James Durrant

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DOI (Published version): 10.1039/C9TA03896E

Abstract

Doping is a widely implemented strategy for enhancing the inherent electronic properties of charge transport layers in photovoltaic (PV) devices. Here, in direct contrast to existing understanding, we find that a reduction in p-doping of the organic hole transport layer (HTL) leads to substantial im...

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Published in: Journal of Materials Chemistry A
ISSN: 2050-7488 2050-7496
Published: 2019
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa51619
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Abstract: Doping is a widely implemented strategy for enhancing the inherent electronic properties of charge transport layers in photovoltaic (PV) devices. Here, in direct contrast to existing understanding, we find that a reduction in p-doping of the organic hole transport layer (HTL) leads to substantial improvements in PV performance in planar p–i–n perovskite solar cells (PSCs), driven by improvements in open circuit voltage (VOC). Employing a range of transient and steady state characterisation tools, we find that the improvements of VOC correlate with reduced surface recombination losses in less p-doped HTLs. A simple device model including screening of bulk electric fields in the perovskite layer is used to explain this observation. In particular, photoluminescence (PL) emission of complete solar cells shows that efficient performance is correlated to a high PL intensity at open circuit and a low PL intensity at short circuit. We conclude that desirable transport layers for p–i–n PSCs should be charge selective contacts with low doping densities.
College: College of Engineering
Issue: 32
Start Page: 18971
End Page: 18979