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The effects of grain size, dendritic structure and crystallographic orientation on fatigue crack propagation in IN713C nickel-based superalloy

Gang Liu, Sean Winwood, Katie Rhodes, Soran Birosca Orcid Logo

International Journal of Plasticity

Swansea University Author: Soran Birosca Orcid Logo

Abstract

The polycrystalline IN713C produced via investment casting is one of the widely-used nickel-based superalloy in automotive and aerospace industries. This alloy, however, has an apparent inhomogeneous microstructure generated during casting and contains dendritic structure that gives rise to strain l...

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Published in: International Journal of Plasticity
ISSN: 0749-6419
Published: 2019
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa51904
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fullrecord <?xml version="1.0"?><rfc1807><datestamp>2019-10-15T10:08:34.9950831</datestamp><bib-version>v2</bib-version><id>51904</id><entry>2019-09-16</entry><title>The effects of grain size, dendritic structure and crystallographic orientation on fatigue crack propagation in IN713C nickel-based superalloy</title><swanseaauthors><author><sid>3445603fcc2ff9d27b476a73b223a507</sid><ORCID>0000-0002-8380-771X</ORCID><firstname>Soran</firstname><surname>Birosca</surname><name>Soran Birosca</name><active>true</active><ethesisStudent>false</ethesisStudent></author></swanseaauthors><date>2019-09-16</date><deptcode>EEN</deptcode><abstract>The polycrystalline IN713C produced via investment casting is one of the widely-used nickel-based superalloy in automotive and aerospace industries. This alloy, however, has an apparent inhomogeneous microstructure generated during casting and contains dendritic structure that gives rise to strain localisation during loading. Yet, the effect of dendritic structure, grain size and shape as well as crystallographic orientation, which directly influence fatigue property and deformation micromechanism in the components, is rarely studied. In the present study, IN713C cast bars are tailored with three different grain structures, i.e., transition, equiaxed and columnar, with substantial grain size variations. The produced bars were tested under strain controlled LCF (Low Cycle Fatigue) and stress controlled HCF (High Cycle Fatigue) conditions at 650&#x202F;&#xB0;C. The results showed that most of fatigue cracks initiated from casting pores and fatigue life extended in the microstructure with a small grain size during both HCF and LCF loadings. It is also demonstrated that fatigue striations were mainly observed within dendritic areas during crack propagation, whereas the higher GND (Geometrically Necessary Dislocation) density were predominantly observed in the interdendritic areas. Here, we propose a concept of &#x2018;Crack Propagation Unit (CPU)&#x2019; for better description of deformation mechanism at local scale during fatigue loading by combining fracture surface characteristic methodology and dislocation distribution analyses within the dendritic structural unit. Furthermore, this model to understand the deformation micromechanism can provide a new perspective on the interpretation of Hall-Petch relationship in casting materials that contain dendritic structure. This is further demonstrated via direct correlation of the high crack propagation resistance with the crack path divergence instead of the dislocation pile-up at the grain boundary or in-between the &#x3B3;/&#x3B3;&#x2032; channels. Moreover, by utilising serial sectioning method followed by layered EBSD scanning, quasi-3-D grain orientation mappings were obtained, and crystallographic texture information were directly correlated with the fracture surface observations. This allowed an investigation of the influence of orientation of individual grains and micro/macro texture on crack propagation rate. The critical stage of crack propagation in fatigue life and its correlations with microstructural features is established, offering potential practical applications by controlling the investment casting process parameters.</abstract><type>Journal Article</type><journal>International Journal of Plasticity</journal><publisher/><issnPrint>0749-6419</issnPrint><keywords>Nickel-based superalloy, Fatigue crack propagation, Dendritic structure, Grain size, Microtexture, GND</keywords><publishedDay>31</publishedDay><publishedMonth>12</publishedMonth><publishedYear>2019</publishedYear><publishedDate>2019-12-31</publishedDate><doi>10.1016/j.ijplas.2019.09.010</doi><url/><notes/><college>COLLEGE NANME</college><department>Engineering</department><CollegeCode>COLLEGE CODE</CollegeCode><DepartmentCode>EEN</DepartmentCode><institution>Swansea University</institution><apcterm/><lastEdited>2019-10-15T10:08:34.9950831</lastEdited><Created>2019-09-16T10:07:25.8614764</Created><path><level id="1">College of Engineering</level><level id="2">Engineering</level></path><authors><author><firstname>Gang</firstname><surname>Liu</surname><order>1</order></author><author><firstname>Sean</firstname><surname>Winwood</surname><order>2</order></author><author><firstname>Katie</firstname><surname>Rhodes</surname><order>3</order></author><author><firstname>Soran</firstname><surname>Birosca</surname><orcid>0000-0002-8380-771X</orcid><order>4</order></author></authors><documents><document><filename>0051904-16092019101022.pdf</filename><originalFilename>liu2019(3).pdf</originalFilename><uploaded>2019-09-16T10:10:22.4200000</uploaded><type>Output</type><contentLength>50188893</contentLength><contentType>application/pdf</contentType><version>Accepted Manuscript</version><cronfaStatus>true</cronfaStatus><embargoDate>2020-09-19T00:00:00.0000000</embargoDate><copyrightCorrect>false</copyrightCorrect><language>eng</language></document></documents><OutputDurs/></rfc1807>
spelling 2019-10-15T10:08:34.9950831 v2 51904 2019-09-16 The effects of grain size, dendritic structure and crystallographic orientation on fatigue crack propagation in IN713C nickel-based superalloy 3445603fcc2ff9d27b476a73b223a507 0000-0002-8380-771X Soran Birosca Soran Birosca true false 2019-09-16 EEN The polycrystalline IN713C produced via investment casting is one of the widely-used nickel-based superalloy in automotive and aerospace industries. This alloy, however, has an apparent inhomogeneous microstructure generated during casting and contains dendritic structure that gives rise to strain localisation during loading. Yet, the effect of dendritic structure, grain size and shape as well as crystallographic orientation, which directly influence fatigue property and deformation micromechanism in the components, is rarely studied. In the present study, IN713C cast bars are tailored with three different grain structures, i.e., transition, equiaxed and columnar, with substantial grain size variations. The produced bars were tested under strain controlled LCF (Low Cycle Fatigue) and stress controlled HCF (High Cycle Fatigue) conditions at 650 °C. The results showed that most of fatigue cracks initiated from casting pores and fatigue life extended in the microstructure with a small grain size during both HCF and LCF loadings. It is also demonstrated that fatigue striations were mainly observed within dendritic areas during crack propagation, whereas the higher GND (Geometrically Necessary Dislocation) density were predominantly observed in the interdendritic areas. Here, we propose a concept of ‘Crack Propagation Unit (CPU)’ for better description of deformation mechanism at local scale during fatigue loading by combining fracture surface characteristic methodology and dislocation distribution analyses within the dendritic structural unit. Furthermore, this model to understand the deformation micromechanism can provide a new perspective on the interpretation of Hall-Petch relationship in casting materials that contain dendritic structure. This is further demonstrated via direct correlation of the high crack propagation resistance with the crack path divergence instead of the dislocation pile-up at the grain boundary or in-between the γ/γ′ channels. Moreover, by utilising serial sectioning method followed by layered EBSD scanning, quasi-3-D grain orientation mappings were obtained, and crystallographic texture information were directly correlated with the fracture surface observations. This allowed an investigation of the influence of orientation of individual grains and micro/macro texture on crack propagation rate. The critical stage of crack propagation in fatigue life and its correlations with microstructural features is established, offering potential practical applications by controlling the investment casting process parameters. Journal Article International Journal of Plasticity 0749-6419 Nickel-based superalloy, Fatigue crack propagation, Dendritic structure, Grain size, Microtexture, GND 31 12 2019 2019-12-31 10.1016/j.ijplas.2019.09.010 COLLEGE NANME Engineering COLLEGE CODE EEN Swansea University 2019-10-15T10:08:34.9950831 2019-09-16T10:07:25.8614764 College of Engineering Engineering Gang Liu 1 Sean Winwood 2 Katie Rhodes 3 Soran Birosca 0000-0002-8380-771X 4 0051904-16092019101022.pdf liu2019(3).pdf 2019-09-16T10:10:22.4200000 Output 50188893 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true 2020-09-19T00:00:00.0000000 false eng
title The effects of grain size, dendritic structure and crystallographic orientation on fatigue crack propagation in IN713C nickel-based superalloy
spellingShingle The effects of grain size, dendritic structure and crystallographic orientation on fatigue crack propagation in IN713C nickel-based superalloy
Soran Birosca
title_short The effects of grain size, dendritic structure and crystallographic orientation on fatigue crack propagation in IN713C nickel-based superalloy
title_full The effects of grain size, dendritic structure and crystallographic orientation on fatigue crack propagation in IN713C nickel-based superalloy
title_fullStr The effects of grain size, dendritic structure and crystallographic orientation on fatigue crack propagation in IN713C nickel-based superalloy
title_full_unstemmed The effects of grain size, dendritic structure and crystallographic orientation on fatigue crack propagation in IN713C nickel-based superalloy
title_sort The effects of grain size, dendritic structure and crystallographic orientation on fatigue crack propagation in IN713C nickel-based superalloy
author_id_str_mv 3445603fcc2ff9d27b476a73b223a507
author_id_fullname_str_mv 3445603fcc2ff9d27b476a73b223a507_***_Soran Birosca
author Soran Birosca
author2 Gang Liu
Sean Winwood
Katie Rhodes
Soran Birosca
format Journal article
container_title International Journal of Plasticity
publishDate 2019
institution Swansea University
issn 0749-6419
doi_str_mv 10.1016/j.ijplas.2019.09.010
college_str College of Engineering
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hierarchy_top_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_top_title College of Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_parent_title College of Engineering
department_str Engineering{{{_:::_}}}College of Engineering{{{_:::_}}}Engineering
document_store_str 1
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description The polycrystalline IN713C produced via investment casting is one of the widely-used nickel-based superalloy in automotive and aerospace industries. This alloy, however, has an apparent inhomogeneous microstructure generated during casting and contains dendritic structure that gives rise to strain localisation during loading. Yet, the effect of dendritic structure, grain size and shape as well as crystallographic orientation, which directly influence fatigue property and deformation micromechanism in the components, is rarely studied. In the present study, IN713C cast bars are tailored with three different grain structures, i.e., transition, equiaxed and columnar, with substantial grain size variations. The produced bars were tested under strain controlled LCF (Low Cycle Fatigue) and stress controlled HCF (High Cycle Fatigue) conditions at 650 °C. The results showed that most of fatigue cracks initiated from casting pores and fatigue life extended in the microstructure with a small grain size during both HCF and LCF loadings. It is also demonstrated that fatigue striations were mainly observed within dendritic areas during crack propagation, whereas the higher GND (Geometrically Necessary Dislocation) density were predominantly observed in the interdendritic areas. Here, we propose a concept of ‘Crack Propagation Unit (CPU)’ for better description of deformation mechanism at local scale during fatigue loading by combining fracture surface characteristic methodology and dislocation distribution analyses within the dendritic structural unit. Furthermore, this model to understand the deformation micromechanism can provide a new perspective on the interpretation of Hall-Petch relationship in casting materials that contain dendritic structure. This is further demonstrated via direct correlation of the high crack propagation resistance with the crack path divergence instead of the dislocation pile-up at the grain boundary or in-between the γ/γ′ channels. Moreover, by utilising serial sectioning method followed by layered EBSD scanning, quasi-3-D grain orientation mappings were obtained, and crystallographic texture information were directly correlated with the fracture surface observations. This allowed an investigation of the influence of orientation of individual grains and micro/macro texture on crack propagation rate. The critical stage of crack propagation in fatigue life and its correlations with microstructural features is established, offering potential practical applications by controlling the investment casting process parameters.
published_date 2019-12-31T04:05:36Z
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