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Cultural attitudes, economic shocks and political radicalization / Annie, Tubadji

The Annals of Regional Science, Volume: 62, Issue: 3, Pages: 529 - 562

Swansea University Author: Annie, Tubadji

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Abstract

The present paper focuses on the emergence and consequences of the so-called ‘Dogville Effect’, i.e., the negative socioeconomic and spatial impacts caused by radicalization of cultural attitudes in a region. After a conceptual and historical outline of this phenomenon, we present an empirical case,...

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Published in: The Annals of Regional Science
ISSN: 0570-1864 1432-0592
Published: 2019
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa52029
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Abstract: The present paper focuses on the emergence and consequences of the so-called ‘Dogville Effect’, i.e., the negative socioeconomic and spatial impacts caused by radicalization of cultural attitudes in a region. After a conceptual and historical outline of this phenomenon, we present an empirical case, viz. the rise of the ultra-right-wing party in Greece, Chrysi Avgi. We analyze the party’s spatial dispersion and its aftermaths in the period 1993–2015, using both local and regional election results. Spatial-economic controls are derived from the EUI (European University Institute, Florence) regional database. We employ a 2SLS approach (with historical voting results from 1974 as an instrumental variable) and a difference-in-differences approach with a propensity score matching. Our findings show that there exists a cultural persistence in the local share of ultra-right-wing support. The growth in this radicalization, however, is predominantly determined by the shrinking regional household welfare caused by exogenous forces in our model. Finally, the ‘Dogville Effect’, i.e., a further impoverishment of more radicalized localities, seems to be present in Greece, in the vein of the notion of Myrdal’s vicious circles.
Keywords: Phenomenon, Resizing, Politics, Welfare, Political economy, Socioeconomic status, Instrumental variable, Economics, Microeconomics, Voting, Radicalization
Issue: 3
Start Page: 529
End Page: 562