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Cultural attitudes, economic shocks and political radicalization / Annie Tubadji, Peter Nijkamp

The Annals of Regional Science, Volume: 62, Issue: 3, Pages: 529 - 562

Swansea University Author: Annie Tubadji

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Abstract

The present paper focuses on the emergence and consequences of the so-called ‘Dogville Effect’, i.e., the negative socioeconomic and spatial impacts caused by radicalization of cultural attitudes in a region. After a conceptual and historical outline of this phenomenon, we present an empirical case,...

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Published in: The Annals of Regional Science
ISSN: 0570-1864 1432-0592
Published: 2019
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa52029
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first_indexed 2019-09-23T14:18:34Z
last_indexed 2019-10-07T14:22:19Z
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spelling 2019-10-07T13:11:54.2412640 v2 52029 2019-09-23 Cultural attitudes, economic shocks and political radicalization f17b08e9124965486f3b5885a87b396d 0000-0002-6134-3520 Annie Tubadji Annie Tubadji true false 2019-09-23 ECON The present paper focuses on the emergence and consequences of the so-called ‘Dogville Effect’, i.e., the negative socioeconomic and spatial impacts caused by radicalization of cultural attitudes in a region. After a conceptual and historical outline of this phenomenon, we present an empirical case, viz. the rise of the ultra-right-wing party in Greece, Chrysi Avgi. We analyze the party’s spatial dispersion and its aftermaths in the period 1993–2015, using both local and regional election results. Spatial-economic controls are derived from the EUI (European University Institute, Florence) regional database. We employ a 2SLS approach (with historical voting results from 1974 as an instrumental variable) and a difference-in-differences approach with a propensity score matching. Our findings show that there exists a cultural persistence in the local share of ultra-right-wing support. The growth in this radicalization, however, is predominantly determined by the shrinking regional household welfare caused by exogenous forces in our model. Finally, the ‘Dogville Effect’, i.e., a further impoverishment of more radicalized localities, seems to be present in Greece, in the vein of the notion of Myrdal’s vicious circles. Journal Article The Annals of Regional Science 62 3 529 562 0570-1864 1432-0592 Phenomenon, Resizing, Politics, Welfare, Political economy, Socioeconomic status, Instrumental variable, Economics, Microeconomics, Voting, Radicalization 12 4 2019 2019-04-12 10.1007/s00168-019-00906-1 COLLEGE NANME Economics COLLEGE CODE ECON Swansea University 2019-10-07T13:11:54.2412640 2019-09-23T11:57:49.6186623 Annie Tubadji 0000-0002-6134-3520 1 Peter Nijkamp 2
title Cultural attitudes, economic shocks and political radicalization
spellingShingle Cultural attitudes, economic shocks and political radicalization
Annie, Tubadji
title_short Cultural attitudes, economic shocks and political radicalization
title_full Cultural attitudes, economic shocks and political radicalization
title_fullStr Cultural attitudes, economic shocks and political radicalization
title_full_unstemmed Cultural attitudes, economic shocks and political radicalization
title_sort Cultural attitudes, economic shocks and political radicalization
author_id_str_mv f17b08e9124965486f3b5885a87b396d
author_id_fullname_str_mv f17b08e9124965486f3b5885a87b396d_***_Annie, Tubadji
author Annie, Tubadji
author2 Annie Tubadji
Peter Nijkamp
format Journal article
container_title The Annals of Regional Science
container_volume 62
container_issue 3
container_start_page 529
publishDate 2019
institution Swansea University
issn 0570-1864
1432-0592
doi_str_mv 10.1007/s00168-019-00906-1
document_store_str 0
active_str 0
description The present paper focuses on the emergence and consequences of the so-called ‘Dogville Effect’, i.e., the negative socioeconomic and spatial impacts caused by radicalization of cultural attitudes in a region. After a conceptual and historical outline of this phenomenon, we present an empirical case, viz. the rise of the ultra-right-wing party in Greece, Chrysi Avgi. We analyze the party’s spatial dispersion and its aftermaths in the period 1993–2015, using both local and regional election results. Spatial-economic controls are derived from the EUI (European University Institute, Florence) regional database. We employ a 2SLS approach (with historical voting results from 1974 as an instrumental variable) and a difference-in-differences approach with a propensity score matching. Our findings show that there exists a cultural persistence in the local share of ultra-right-wing support. The growth in this radicalization, however, is predominantly determined by the shrinking regional household welfare caused by exogenous forces in our model. Finally, the ‘Dogville Effect’, i.e., a further impoverishment of more radicalized localities, seems to be present in Greece, in the vein of the notion of Myrdal’s vicious circles.
published_date 2019-04-12T04:13:27Z
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