Journal article 579 views 190 downloads
A cross-sectional study on the deprivation and sex differences in health-related fitness measures in school children
Journal of Sports Sciences, Volume: 38, Issue: 1, Pages: 70 - 78
Swansea University Authors: Kelly Mackintosh , Gareth Stratton
PDF | Accepted ManuscriptDownload (451.84KB)
DOI (Published version): 10.1080/02640414.2019.1681230
This study aimed to investigate deprivation and sex differences in selected health-relatedfitness measures in 9-12-year-old children. Data were captured on 3,407 children (49.3% boys; aged 10.5 ± 0.6 years). Cardiorespiratory fitness(20 m multistage shuttle run test; 20 m MSRT), muscular strength (h...
|Published in:||Journal of Sports Sciences|
Informa UK Limited
Check full text
No Tags, Be the first to tag this record!
This study aimed to investigate deprivation and sex differences in selected health-relatedfitness measures in 9-12-year-old children. Data were captured on 3,407 children (49.3% boys; aged 10.5 ± 0.6 years). Cardiorespiratory fitness(20 m multistage shuttle run test; 20 m MSRT), muscular strength (handgrip strength) and body mass index (BMI) were measured. Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) scores were used to make quintile groups. A two-way Analysis of Variance examined differences in BMI z-score by sex and WIMD quintiles. Two-wayAnalysis of Covariances investigated the effect of sex and WIMD quintiles on grip strength and shuttles achieved in 20 m MSRT, adjusting for BMI z-score and maturation, repectively. Independent of sex, children in the middle quintile had a significantly higher mean BMI z-score (p = 0.029) than their least deprived counterparts. There was a significant increase in grip strength (p = 0.005) and20 m MSRT (boys p < 0.001; girls p = 0.028) between most and least deprived quintiles. Significant differences in 20 m MSRT score were more apparent with decreases in deprivation in boys.Overall, inequalities exist in health-related fitness by sex and deprivation. These results can be used to inform focused services to improve current and future health.
Cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, body mass index, socioeconomic status, deprivation, children
Faculty of Science and Engineering