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A cross-sectional study on the deprivation and sex differences in health-related fitness measures in school children / Richard Tyler, Kelly Mackintosh, Hannah L. Spacey, Gareth Stratton

Journal of Sports Sciences, Volume: 38, Issue: 1, Pages: 70 - 78

Swansea University Authors: Kelly Mackintosh, Gareth Stratton

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate deprivation and sex differences in selected health-relatedfitness measures in 9-12-year-old children. Data were captured on 3,407 children (49.3% boys; aged 10.5 ± 0.6 years). Cardiorespiratory fitness(20 m multistage shuttle run test; 20 m MSRT), muscular strength (h...

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Published in: Journal of Sports Sciences
ISSN: 0264-0414 1466-447X
Published: Informa UK Limited 2020
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa52375
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spelling 2020-12-14T12:13:08.5304420 v2 52375 2019-10-08 A cross-sectional study on the deprivation and sex differences in health-related fitness measures in school children bdb20e3f31bcccf95c7bc116070c4214 0000-0003-0355-6357 Kelly Mackintosh Kelly Mackintosh true false 6d62b2ed126961bed81a94a2beba8a01 0000-0001-5618-0803 Gareth Stratton Gareth Stratton true false 2019-10-08 STSC This study aimed to investigate deprivation and sex differences in selected health-relatedfitness measures in 9-12-year-old children. Data were captured on 3,407 children (49.3% boys; aged 10.5 ± 0.6 years). Cardiorespiratory fitness(20 m multistage shuttle run test; 20 m MSRT), muscular strength (handgrip strength) and body mass index (BMI) were measured. Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) scores were used to make quintile groups. A two-way Analysis of Variance examined differences in BMI z-score by sex and WIMD quintiles. Two-wayAnalysis of Covariances investigated the effect of sex and WIMD quintiles on grip strength and shuttles achieved in 20 m MSRT, adjusting for BMI z-score and maturation, repectively. Independent of sex, children in the middle quintile had a significantly higher mean BMI z-score (p = 0.029) than their least deprived counterparts. There was a significant increase in grip strength (p = 0.005) and20 m MSRT (boys p < 0.001; girls p = 0.028) between most and least deprived quintiles. Significant differences in 20 m MSRT score were more apparent with decreases in deprivation in boys.Overall, inequalities exist in health-related fitness by sex and deprivation. These results can be used to inform focused services to improve current and future health. Journal Article Journal of Sports Sciences 38 1 70 78 Informa UK Limited 0264-0414 1466-447X Cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, body mass index, socioeconomic status, deprivation, children 2 1 2020 2020-01-02 10.1080/02640414.2019.1681230 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2019.1681230 COLLEGE NANME Sport and Exercise Sciences COLLEGE CODE STSC Swansea University 2020-12-14T12:13:08.5304420 2019-10-08T10:23:43.4973985 Richard Tyler 1 Kelly Mackintosh 0000-0003-0355-6357 2 Hannah L. Spacey 3 Gareth Stratton 0000-0001-5618-0803 4 52375__15513__034dd6c342e44e8896a75ed51becd463.pdf tyler2019v2.pdf 2019-10-08T10:24:23.6230000 Output 462682 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true 2020-10-19T00:00:00.0000000 false eng
title A cross-sectional study on the deprivation and sex differences in health-related fitness measures in school children
spellingShingle A cross-sectional study on the deprivation and sex differences in health-related fitness measures in school children
Kelly, Mackintosh
Gareth, Stratton
title_short A cross-sectional study on the deprivation and sex differences in health-related fitness measures in school children
title_full A cross-sectional study on the deprivation and sex differences in health-related fitness measures in school children
title_fullStr A cross-sectional study on the deprivation and sex differences in health-related fitness measures in school children
title_full_unstemmed A cross-sectional study on the deprivation and sex differences in health-related fitness measures in school children
title_sort A cross-sectional study on the deprivation and sex differences in health-related fitness measures in school children
author_id_str_mv bdb20e3f31bcccf95c7bc116070c4214
6d62b2ed126961bed81a94a2beba8a01
author_id_fullname_str_mv bdb20e3f31bcccf95c7bc116070c4214_***_Kelly, Mackintosh
6d62b2ed126961bed81a94a2beba8a01_***_Gareth, Stratton
author Kelly, Mackintosh
Gareth, Stratton
author2 Richard Tyler
Kelly Mackintosh
Hannah L. Spacey
Gareth Stratton
format Journal article
container_title Journal of Sports Sciences
container_volume 38
container_issue 1
container_start_page 70
publishDate 2020
institution Swansea University
issn 0264-0414
1466-447X
doi_str_mv 10.1080/02640414.2019.1681230
publisher Informa UK Limited
url http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2019.1681230
document_store_str 1
active_str 0
description This study aimed to investigate deprivation and sex differences in selected health-relatedfitness measures in 9-12-year-old children. Data were captured on 3,407 children (49.3% boys; aged 10.5 ± 0.6 years). Cardiorespiratory fitness(20 m multistage shuttle run test; 20 m MSRT), muscular strength (handgrip strength) and body mass index (BMI) were measured. Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) scores were used to make quintile groups. A two-way Analysis of Variance examined differences in BMI z-score by sex and WIMD quintiles. Two-wayAnalysis of Covariances investigated the effect of sex and WIMD quintiles on grip strength and shuttles achieved in 20 m MSRT, adjusting for BMI z-score and maturation, repectively. Independent of sex, children in the middle quintile had a significantly higher mean BMI z-score (p = 0.029) than their least deprived counterparts. There was a significant increase in grip strength (p = 0.005) and20 m MSRT (boys p < 0.001; girls p = 0.028) between most and least deprived quintiles. Significant differences in 20 m MSRT score were more apparent with decreases in deprivation in boys.Overall, inequalities exist in health-related fitness by sex and deprivation. These results can be used to inform focused services to improve current and future health.
published_date 2020-01-02T04:12:35Z
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