Journal article 326 views 210 downloads
Synergistic Computational–Experimental Discovery of Highly Selective PtCu Nanocluster Catalysts for Acetylene Semihydrogenation
Olumide Bolarinwa Ayodele, Rongsheng Cai, Jianguang Wang, Yasmine Ziouani, Zhifu Liang, Maria Chiara Spadaro, Kirill Kovnir, Jordi Arbiol, Jaakko Akola, Richard Palmer , Yury V. Kolen’ko
ACS Catalysis, Volume: 10, Issue: 1, Pages: 451 - 457
Swansea University Author: Richard Palmer
PDF | Accepted ManuscriptDownload (1.2MB)
DOI (Published version): 10.1021/acscatal.9b03539
Semihydrogenation of acetylene (SHA) in an ethylene-rich stream is an important process for polymer industries. Presently, Pd-based catalysts have demonstrated good acetylene conversion (XC2H2), however, at the expense of ethylene selectivity (SC2H4). In this study, we have employed a systematic app...
|Published in:||ACS Catalysis|
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Check full text
No Tags, Be the first to tag this record!
Semihydrogenation of acetylene (SHA) in an ethylene-rich stream is an important process for polymer industries. Presently, Pd-based catalysts have demonstrated good acetylene conversion (XC2H2), however, at the expense of ethylene selectivity (SC2H4). In this study, we have employed a systematic approach using density functional theory (DFT) to identify the best catalyst in a Cu–Pt system. The DFT results showed that with a 55 atom system at ∼1.1 Pt/Cu ratio for Pt28Cu27/Al2O3, the d-band center shifted −2.2 eV relative to the Fermi level leading to electron-saturated Pt, which allows only adsorption of ethylene via a π-bond, resulting in theoretical 99.7% SC2H4 at nearly complete XC2H2. Based on the DFT results, Pt–Cu/Al2O3 (PtCu) and Pt/Al2O3 (Pt) nanocatalysts were synthesized via cluster beam deposition (CBD), and their properties and activities were correlated with the computational predictions. For bimetallic PtCu, the electron microscopy results show the formation of alloys. The bimetallic PtCu catalyst closely mimics the DFT predictions in terms of both electronic structure, as confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and catalytic activity. The alloying of Pt with Cu was responsible for the high C2H4 specific yield resulting from electron transfer between Cu and Pt, thus making PtCu a promising catalyst for SHA.
microkinetic model, hydrogenation, nanoclusters, alloys, cluster beam deposition