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Grand Challenges in Algae Biotechnology / Carole Llewellyn, Rahul Kapoore, Robert Lovitt, Carolyn Greig, Claudio Fuentes Grunewald, Bethan Kultschar

Grand Challenges in Biology and Biotechnology, Issue: 8, Pages: 535 - 576

Swansea University Authors: Carole Llewellyn, Rahul Kapoore, Robert Lovitt, Carolyn Greig, Claudio Fuentes Grunewald, Bethan Kultschar

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Abstract

This chapter focuses on the challenges associated with achieving economic value from metabolites derived from cyanobacteria. Significant advances have been made in cyanobacterial biotechnology in the last few years. However, the field is still immature, and many challenges remain. We start with a cr...

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Published in: Grand Challenges in Biology and Biotechnology
ISBN: 9783030252328 9783030252335
ISSN: 2367-1017 2367-1025
Published: Cham Springer International Publishing 2020
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa53142
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Abstract: This chapter focuses on the challenges associated with achieving economic value from metabolites derived from cyanobacteria. Significant advances have been made in cyanobacterial biotechnology in the last few years. However, the field is still immature, and many challenges remain. We start with a critical overview of the main technologies associated with cultivation, cell disruption and metabolite extraction. Then, we provide an overview of current significant metabolite groups from cyanobacteria relevant to industry covering phycobilins, carotenoids, polysaccharides, peptides, lipids, mycosporine-like amino acids, polyhydroxyalkanoates, cyanotoxins and platform chemicals, and the potential for stable isotopes production. We cover metabolites that are already in the market and those with future potential with a focus on spirulina (Arthrospira) the most commercially developed species of cyanobacteria. As large-scale cultivation and down-stream processing techniques continue to develop further, combining this with a systems biology and biorefinery approach will ensure that the best economic and environmental sustainability value can be achieved.
Issue: 8
Start Page: 535
End Page: 576