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Enhancing fully printable mesoscopic perovskite solar cell performance using integrated metallic grids to improve carbon electrode conductivity

Dimitrios Raptis, Vasil Stoichkov, Simone Meroni Orcid Logo, Adam Pockett, Carys Worsley, Matt Carnie Orcid Logo, David Worsley Orcid Logo, Trystan Watson Orcid Logo

Current Applied Physics, Volume: 20, Issue: 5, Pages: 619 - 627

Swansea University Authors: Dimitrios Raptis, Vasil Stoichkov, Simone Meroni Orcid Logo, Adam Pockett, Carys Worsley, Matt Carnie Orcid Logo, David Worsley Orcid Logo, Trystan Watson Orcid Logo

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Abstract

Carbon based Perovskite Solar cells (C–PSCs) have emerged as the most promising candidates for commercialisation in the field of perovskite photovoltaics, as they are highly stable, low cost and make use of easily scaled manufacturing techniques. However, the limited conductivity of the carbon elect...

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Published in: Current Applied Physics
ISSN: 1567-1739
Published: Elsevier BV 2020
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa53566
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spelling 2021-08-06T10:23:17.1409244 v2 53566 2020-02-18 Enhancing fully printable mesoscopic perovskite solar cell performance using integrated metallic grids to improve carbon electrode conductivity 75c81a7d972e97c42200ab0ebfa21908 Dimitrios Raptis Dimitrios Raptis true false e4014706cef1d241262351461104a261 Vasil Stoichkov Vasil Stoichkov true false 78a4cf80ab2fe6cca80716b5d357d8dd 0000-0002-6901-772X Simone Meroni Simone Meroni true false de06433fccc0514dcf45aa9d1fc5c60f Adam Pockett Adam Pockett true false e74e27838a54d9df1fe7c5ee2cb8a126 Carys Worsley Carys Worsley true false 73b367694366a646b90bb15db32bb8c0 0000-0002-4232-1967 Matt Carnie Matt Carnie true false c426b1c1b0123d7057c1b969083cea69 0000-0002-9956-6228 David Worsley David Worsley true false a210327b52472cfe8df9b8108d661457 0000-0002-8015-1436 Trystan Watson Trystan Watson true false 2020-02-18 MTLS Carbon based Perovskite Solar cells (C–PSCs) have emerged as the most promising candidates for commercialisation in the field of perovskite photovoltaics, as they are highly stable, low cost and make use of easily scaled manufacturing techniques. However, the limited conductivity of the carbon electrode inhibits performance and represents a significant barrier to commercial application. Τhis work presents a scalable method for enhancing the carbon electrode conductivity through the integration of aluminium and copper grids into prefabricated C–PSCs. Adhered to the cells using an additional low temperature carbon ink, the metallic grids were found to dramatically reduce top electrode series resistance, leading to a large improvement in fill factor and efficiency. After grid integration, the 1 cm2 C–PSCs yielded power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 13.4% and 13% for copper and aluminium respectively, while standard C–PSCs obtained PCE of 11.3%. Performance is also significantly augmented in the case of larger-scale 11.7 cm2 modules, where PCEs went from 7.7% to 10% and 11% for aluminium and copper grids respectively. This technique offers a fast and low temperature route to high-performance, large-area C–PSCs and could therefore have serious potential for application to the high-volume manufacture of perovskite cells and modules. Journal Article Current Applied Physics 20 5 619 627 Elsevier BV 1567-1739 Metallic grid, Highly conductive carbon electrode, Low temperature carbon ink, Carbon based perovskite solar cell, Module, Enhanced efficiency 1 5 2020 2020-05-01 10.1016/j.cap.2020.02.009 COLLEGE NANME Materials Science and Engineering COLLEGE CODE MTLS Swansea University 2021-08-06T10:23:17.1409244 2020-02-18T09:54:37.9115443 College of Engineering Engineering Dimitrios Raptis 1 Vasil Stoichkov 2 Simone Meroni 0000-0002-6901-772X 3 Adam Pockett 4 Carys Worsley 5 Matt Carnie 0000-0002-4232-1967 6 David Worsley 0000-0002-9956-6228 7 Trystan Watson 0000-0002-8015-1436 8 53566__16636__ca52f3b297b44868a43f654a020ee661.pdf raptis2020.pdf 2020-02-19T15:45:46.2703391 Output 1910976 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true 2021-02-14T00:00:00.0000000 Released under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License (CC-BY-NC-ND). true eng http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
title Enhancing fully printable mesoscopic perovskite solar cell performance using integrated metallic grids to improve carbon electrode conductivity
spellingShingle Enhancing fully printable mesoscopic perovskite solar cell performance using integrated metallic grids to improve carbon electrode conductivity
Dimitrios Raptis
Vasil Stoichkov
Simone Meroni
Adam Pockett
Carys Worsley
Matt Carnie
David Worsley
Trystan Watson
title_short Enhancing fully printable mesoscopic perovskite solar cell performance using integrated metallic grids to improve carbon electrode conductivity
title_full Enhancing fully printable mesoscopic perovskite solar cell performance using integrated metallic grids to improve carbon electrode conductivity
title_fullStr Enhancing fully printable mesoscopic perovskite solar cell performance using integrated metallic grids to improve carbon electrode conductivity
title_full_unstemmed Enhancing fully printable mesoscopic perovskite solar cell performance using integrated metallic grids to improve carbon electrode conductivity
title_sort Enhancing fully printable mesoscopic perovskite solar cell performance using integrated metallic grids to improve carbon electrode conductivity
author_id_str_mv 75c81a7d972e97c42200ab0ebfa21908
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author_id_fullname_str_mv 75c81a7d972e97c42200ab0ebfa21908_***_Dimitrios Raptis
e4014706cef1d241262351461104a261_***_Vasil Stoichkov
78a4cf80ab2fe6cca80716b5d357d8dd_***_Simone Meroni
de06433fccc0514dcf45aa9d1fc5c60f_***_Adam Pockett
e74e27838a54d9df1fe7c5ee2cb8a126_***_Carys Worsley
73b367694366a646b90bb15db32bb8c0_***_Matt Carnie
c426b1c1b0123d7057c1b969083cea69_***_David Worsley
a210327b52472cfe8df9b8108d661457_***_Trystan Watson
author Dimitrios Raptis
Vasil Stoichkov
Simone Meroni
Adam Pockett
Carys Worsley
Matt Carnie
David Worsley
Trystan Watson
author2 Dimitrios Raptis
Vasil Stoichkov
Simone Meroni
Adam Pockett
Carys Worsley
Matt Carnie
David Worsley
Trystan Watson
format Journal article
container_title Current Applied Physics
container_volume 20
container_issue 5
container_start_page 619
publishDate 2020
institution Swansea University
issn 1567-1739
doi_str_mv 10.1016/j.cap.2020.02.009
publisher Elsevier BV
college_str College of Engineering
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hierarchy_top_title College of Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_parent_title College of Engineering
department_str Engineering{{{_:::_}}}College of Engineering{{{_:::_}}}Engineering
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description Carbon based Perovskite Solar cells (C–PSCs) have emerged as the most promising candidates for commercialisation in the field of perovskite photovoltaics, as they are highly stable, low cost and make use of easily scaled manufacturing techniques. However, the limited conductivity of the carbon electrode inhibits performance and represents a significant barrier to commercial application. Τhis work presents a scalable method for enhancing the carbon electrode conductivity through the integration of aluminium and copper grids into prefabricated C–PSCs. Adhered to the cells using an additional low temperature carbon ink, the metallic grids were found to dramatically reduce top electrode series resistance, leading to a large improvement in fill factor and efficiency. After grid integration, the 1 cm2 C–PSCs yielded power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 13.4% and 13% for copper and aluminium respectively, while standard C–PSCs obtained PCE of 11.3%. Performance is also significantly augmented in the case of larger-scale 11.7 cm2 modules, where PCEs went from 7.7% to 10% and 11% for aluminium and copper grids respectively. This technique offers a fast and low temperature route to high-performance, large-area C–PSCs and could therefore have serious potential for application to the high-volume manufacture of perovskite cells and modules.
published_date 2020-05-01T04:23:44Z
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