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Enhanced Electrical Conductivity and Seebeck Coefficient in PEDOT:PSS via a Two-Step Ionic liquid and NaBH4 Treatment for Organic Thermoelectrics / Jonathan, Atoyo; Matthew, Burton; James, McGettrick; Matthew, Carnie

Polymers, Volume: 12, Issue: 3, Start page: 559

Swansea University Authors: Jonathan, Atoyo, Matthew, Burton, James, McGettrick, Matthew, Carnie

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DOI (Published version): 10.3390/polym12030559

Abstract

A two-step approach of improving the thermoelectric properties of Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) via the addition of the ionic liquid, 1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (EMIM:TFSI) and subsequent reduction with NaBH4 is presented. The...

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Published in: Polymers
ISSN: 2073-4360
Published: MDPI AG 2020
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa53695
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Abstract: A two-step approach of improving the thermoelectric properties of Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) via the addition of the ionic liquid, 1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (EMIM:TFSI) and subsequent reduction with NaBH4 is presented. The addition of 2.5 v/v% of EMIM:TFSI to PEDOT:PSS increases the electrical conductivity from 3 S·cm−1 to 1439 S·cm−1 at 40 °C. An additional post treatment using the reducing agent, NaBH4, increases the Seebeck coefficient of the film from 11 µV·K−1 to 30 µV·K−1 at 40 °C. The combined treatment gives an overall improvement in power factor increase from 0.04 µW·m−1·K−2 to 33 µW·m−1·K−2 below 140 °C. Raman and XPS measurements show that the increase in PEDOT:PSS conductivity is due to PSS separation from PEDOT and a conformational change of the PEDOT chains from the benzoid to quinoid molecular orientation. The improved Seebeck coefficient is due to a reduction of charge carriers which is evidenced from the UV–VIS depicting the emergence of polarons.
Keywords: conducting polymers; PEDOT:PSS thermoelectric; organic thermoelectric; enhanced power factor
Issue: 3
Start Page: 559