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Personality and motivational predictors of well-being and coping during COVID-19: A reversal theory analysis

Joanne Hudson Orcid Logo, Yusuke Kuroda, Patrick C.H. Morel

Personality and Individual Differences, Volume: 175, Start page: 110703

Swansea University Author: Joanne Hudson Orcid Logo

  • Accepted Manuscript under embargo until: 28th January 2023

Abstract

This study used reversal theory to examine motivational predictors of well-being and coping during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. 149 UK based respondents completed an online survey including measures of demographics, well-being, coping, motivational style, and dominance. Well-being was predicted by...

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Published in: Personality and Individual Differences
ISSN: 0191-8869
Published: Elsevier BV 2021
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa56126
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Abstract: This study used reversal theory to examine motivational predictors of well-being and coping during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. 149 UK based respondents completed an online survey including measures of demographics, well-being, coping, motivational style, and dominance. Well-being was predicted by optimism (positively), autic and mastery (negatively) dominances, by alloic sympathy, optimism and paratelic motivation styles (positively), and, negatively by arousal seeking, arousability and pessimism. Coping was positively predicted by optimism and negativism dominances and by negativist, paratelic and telic motivations, and, negatively by arousability and pessimism. Using motivational dominances, indirect support was identified for the link between psychodiversity and well-being, but not coping. Findings suggest that well-being and, to a lesser degree, coping could be enhanced by encouraging individuals to experience a range of motivations, possibly focusing on those identified here as significant predictors. Future research needs to determine the context specificity of these findings and explore psychodiversity, well-being and coping using both metamotivational states and composite profiles incorporating the full range of motivational constructs.
Keywords: Reversal theory, Well-being, Coping, Personality, Motivational dominance, Psychodiversity
College: College of Engineering
Start Page: 110703