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Personality and motivational predictors of well-being and coping during COVID-19: A reversal theory analysis

Joanne Hudson Orcid Logo, Yusuke Kuroda, Patrick C.H. Morel

Personality and Individual Differences, Volume: 175, Start page: 110703

Swansea University Author: Joanne Hudson Orcid Logo

  • Accepted Manuscript under embargo until: 28th January 2023

Abstract

This study used reversal theory to examine motivational predictors of well-being and coping during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. 149 UK based respondents completed an online survey including measures of demographics, well-being, coping, motivational style, and dominance. Well-being was predicted by...

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Published in: Personality and Individual Differences
ISSN: 0191-8869
Published: Elsevier BV 2021
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa56126
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first_indexed 2021-01-25T13:33:02Z
last_indexed 2021-12-02T04:12:32Z
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spelling 2021-12-01T13:25:09.8330348 v2 56126 2021-01-25 Personality and motivational predictors of well-being and coping during COVID-19: A reversal theory analysis 304341cf2cd1bdb99d7d6ccf0f030d99 0000-0003-4732-8356 Joanne Hudson Joanne Hudson true false 2021-01-25 STSC This study used reversal theory to examine motivational predictors of well-being and coping during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. 149 UK based respondents completed an online survey including measures of demographics, well-being, coping, motivational style, and dominance. Well-being was predicted by optimism (positively), autic and mastery (negatively) dominances, by alloic sympathy, optimism and paratelic motivation styles (positively), and, negatively by arousal seeking, arousability and pessimism. Coping was positively predicted by optimism and negativism dominances and by negativist, paratelic and telic motivations, and, negatively by arousability and pessimism. Using motivational dominances, indirect support was identified for the link between psychodiversity and well-being, but not coping. Findings suggest that well-being and, to a lesser degree, coping could be enhanced by encouraging individuals to experience a range of motivations, possibly focusing on those identified here as significant predictors. Future research needs to determine the context specificity of these findings and explore psychodiversity, well-being and coping using both metamotivational states and composite profiles incorporating the full range of motivational constructs. Journal Article Personality and Individual Differences 175 110703 Elsevier BV 0191-8869 Reversal theory, Well-being, Coping, Personality, Motivational dominance, Psychodiversity 1 6 2021 2021-06-01 10.1016/j.paid.2021.110703 COLLEGE NANME Sport and Exercise Sciences COLLEGE CODE STSC Swansea University 2021-12-01T13:25:09.8330348 2021-01-25T13:31:07.1167286 College of Engineering Sports Science Joanne Hudson 0000-0003-4732-8356 1 Yusuke Kuroda 2 Patrick C.H. Morel 3 Under embargo Under embargo 2021-01-25T13:32:56.5882028 Output 547498 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true 2023-01-28T00:00:00.0000000 © 2021 All rights reserved. All article content, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License (CC-BY-NC-ND) true eng http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
title Personality and motivational predictors of well-being and coping during COVID-19: A reversal theory analysis
spellingShingle Personality and motivational predictors of well-being and coping during COVID-19: A reversal theory analysis
Joanne Hudson
title_short Personality and motivational predictors of well-being and coping during COVID-19: A reversal theory analysis
title_full Personality and motivational predictors of well-being and coping during COVID-19: A reversal theory analysis
title_fullStr Personality and motivational predictors of well-being and coping during COVID-19: A reversal theory analysis
title_full_unstemmed Personality and motivational predictors of well-being and coping during COVID-19: A reversal theory analysis
title_sort Personality and motivational predictors of well-being and coping during COVID-19: A reversal theory analysis
author_id_str_mv 304341cf2cd1bdb99d7d6ccf0f030d99
author_id_fullname_str_mv 304341cf2cd1bdb99d7d6ccf0f030d99_***_Joanne Hudson
author Joanne Hudson
author2 Joanne Hudson
Yusuke Kuroda
Patrick C.H. Morel
format Journal article
container_title Personality and Individual Differences
container_volume 175
container_start_page 110703
publishDate 2021
institution Swansea University
issn 0191-8869
doi_str_mv 10.1016/j.paid.2021.110703
publisher Elsevier BV
college_str College of Engineering
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hierarchy_top_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_top_title College of Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_parent_title College of Engineering
department_str Sports Science{{{_:::_}}}College of Engineering{{{_:::_}}}Sports Science
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description This study used reversal theory to examine motivational predictors of well-being and coping during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. 149 UK based respondents completed an online survey including measures of demographics, well-being, coping, motivational style, and dominance. Well-being was predicted by optimism (positively), autic and mastery (negatively) dominances, by alloic sympathy, optimism and paratelic motivation styles (positively), and, negatively by arousal seeking, arousability and pessimism. Coping was positively predicted by optimism and negativism dominances and by negativist, paratelic and telic motivations, and, negatively by arousability and pessimism. Using motivational dominances, indirect support was identified for the link between psychodiversity and well-being, but not coping. Findings suggest that well-being and, to a lesser degree, coping could be enhanced by encouraging individuals to experience a range of motivations, possibly focusing on those identified here as significant predictors. Future research needs to determine the context specificity of these findings and explore psychodiversity, well-being and coping using both metamotivational states and composite profiles incorporating the full range of motivational constructs.
published_date 2021-06-01T04:11:32Z
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