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‘Irishtowns’ and ‘Welsh Streets’: ethnic enclaves within the towns of colonial Ireland and Wales in a northern-European colonial context

Matthew Stevens Orcid Logo, Spafrky Booker

Towns on the Edge in Medieval Europe: the Social and Political Order of Peripheral Urban Communities from the Twelfth to Sixteenth Centuries

Swansea University Author: Matthew Stevens Orcid Logo

  • Accepted Manuscript under embargo until: 16th September 2022

Abstract

This chapter identifies the common pattern of integration and discrimination that affected native persons attempting to move into the new medieval colonial towns established in Wales, by Norman and English conquerors and the crown, and in Prussia, by the State of the Teutonic Knights and bishops. Bo...

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Published in: Towns on the Edge in Medieval Europe: the Social and Political Order of Peripheral Urban Communities from the Twelfth to Sixteenth Centuries
Published: Oxford Oxford University Press
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa57923
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Abstract: This chapter identifies the common pattern of integration and discrimination that affected native persons attempting to move into the new medieval colonial towns established in Wales, by Norman and English conquerors and the crown, and in Prussia, by the State of the Teutonic Knights and bishops. Both areas were hitherto largely unurbanised. The authors posit that, at first, in both regions, when medieval colonisers founded new towns, native persons were initially accepted into forming urban communities, as the main concern was to make each new town a success by any means. Second, there followed by a period of top-down legal discrimination driven by the security and economic concerns of the territorial ruler. And third, a subsequent phase of bottom-up legal discrimination was enacted at the request of colonial townsmen seeking to limit native commercial competition following the Black Death (1348–9) and the commencement of pan-European economic depression (from c.1390).
Keywords: Irishtown, Welsh Street, Ethnic, Colonisation, Urbanisation, Wales, Ireland
College: College of Arts and Humanities
Funders: The British Academy, National Science Centre, Poland (Narodowe Centrum Nauki), Polish National Agency for Academic Exchange (Narodowa Agencja Wymiany Akademickiej)