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The Planar Thirring Model with Kähler-Dirac Fermions / Simon Hands

Symmetry, Volume: 13, Issue: 8, Start page: 1523

Swansea University Author: Simon Hands

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DOI (Published version): 10.3390/sym13081523

Abstract

Kähler’s geometric approach in which relativistic fermion fields are treated as differential forms is applied in three spacetime dimensions. It is shown that the resulting continuum theory is invariant under global U(N)⊗U(N) field transformations and has a parity-invariant mass term, which are symme...

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Published in: Symmetry
ISSN: 2073-8994
Published: MDPI AG 2021
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa57935
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Abstract: Kähler’s geometric approach in which relativistic fermion fields are treated as differential forms is applied in three spacetime dimensions. It is shown that the resulting continuum theory is invariant under global U(N)⊗U(N) field transformations and has a parity-invariant mass term, which are symmetries shared in common with staggered lattice fermions. The formalism is used to construct a version of the Thirring model with contact interactions between conserved Noether currents. Under reasonable assumptions about field rescaling after quantum corrections, a more general interaction term is derived, sharing the same symmetries but now including terms which entangle spin and taste degrees of freedom, which exactly coincides with the leading terms in the staggered lattice Thirring model in the long-wavelength limit. Finally, truncated versions of the theory are explored; it is found that excluding scalar and pseudoscalar components leads to a theory of six-component fermion fields describing particles with spin 1, with fermion and antifermion corresponding to states with definite circular polarisation. In the UV limit, only transverse states with just four non-vanishing components propagate. Implications for the description of dynamics at a strongly interacting renormalisation group fixed point are discussed.
Keywords: interacting fermions; field theories in dimensions other than four; staggered lattice fermions; renormalisation group fixed point
College: College of Science
Issue: 8
Start Page: 1523