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Intracellular Life Cycle Kinetics of SARS-CoV-2 Predicted Using Mathematical Modelling / Dmitry Grebennikov, Ekaterina Kholodareva, Igor Sazonov, Antonina Karsonova, Andreas Meyerhans, Gennady Bocharov

Viruses, Volume: 13, Issue: 9, Start page: 1735

Swansea University Author: Igor Sazonov

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DOI (Published version): 10.3390/v13091735

Abstract

SARS-CoV-2 infection represents a global threat to human health. Various approaches were employed to reveal the pathogenetic mechanisms of COVID-19. Mathematical and computational modelling is a powerful tool to describe and analyze the infection dynamics in relation to a plethora of processes contr...

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Published in: Viruses
ISSN: 1999-4915
Published: MDPI AG 2021
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa58314
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Abstract: SARS-CoV-2 infection represents a global threat to human health. Various approaches were employed to reveal the pathogenetic mechanisms of COVID-19. Mathematical and computational modelling is a powerful tool to describe and analyze the infection dynamics in relation to a plethora of processes contributing to the observed disease phenotypes. In our study here, we formulate and calibrate a deterministic model of the SARS-CoV-2 life cycle. It provides a kinetic description of the major replication stages of SARS-CoV-2. Sensitivity analysis of the net viral progeny with respect to model parameters enables the identification of the life cycle stages that have the strongest impact on viral replication. These three most influential parameters are (i) degradation rate of positive sense vRNAs in cytoplasm (negative effect), (ii) threshold number of non-structural proteins enhancing vRNA transcription (negative effect), and (iii) translation rate of non-structural proteins (positive effect). The results of our analysis could be used for guiding the search for antiviral drug targets to combat SARS-CoV-2 infection.
Keywords: intracellular replication, mathematical model, sensitivity analysis, targets for drugs, SARS-CoV-2
College: College of Engineering
Issue: 9
Start Page: 1735