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Gambling problems and associated harms in United Kingdom Royal Air Force personnel

Amy Pritchard, Simon Dymond Orcid Logo

Addictive Behaviors, Volume: 126, Start page: 107200

Swansea University Author: Simon Dymond Orcid Logo

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Abstract

International evidence indicates that current and ex-military personnel may be at heightened vulnerability to problem gambling. The aim of the present study was to undertake the first survey of gambling experience and potential problems among serving United Kingdom Royal Air Force (RAF) personnel. O...

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Published in: Addictive Behaviors
ISSN: 0306-4603
Published: Elsevier BV 2022
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa58746
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spelling 2022-01-06T16:15:44.5294576 v2 58746 2021-11-22 Gambling problems and associated harms in United Kingdom Royal Air Force personnel 8ed0024546f2588fdb0073a7d6fbc075 0000-0003-1319-4492 Simon Dymond Simon Dymond true false 2021-11-22 HPS International evidence indicates that current and ex-military personnel may be at heightened vulnerability to problem gambling. The aim of the present study was to undertake the first survey of gambling experience and potential problems among serving United Kingdom Royal Air Force (RAF) personnel. Our objectives were to survey the frequency of gambling problems, types of gambling activities, examine mental health, alcohol use, and COVID-19-related associations with gambling, and identify potential risk factors among RAF personnel. A cross-sectional, online survey was distributed to all serving RAF personnel in January 2021 and the final dataset consisted of n=2,119 responses. The Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) identified gambling severity, the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) assessed depression, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder assessment (GAD-7) measured anxiety, and alcohol use was assessed with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). Questions relating to COVID-19 asked whether the pandemic had impacted one’s gambling, mental health, and alcohol use. Findings indicated that 12.5% of personnel reported gambling problems, which included 8.0% with PGSI scores indicating low-risk gambling (1-2), 2.9% moderate-risk gambling (3-4), and 1.6% with scores indicating problem gambling (≥8). Most personnel had no symptoms of depression or anxiety, and most experienced lower risk drinking levels. The likelihood of any gambling problem (PGSI≥1) in RAF personnel was associated with age (18-24 years old), male gender, and Non-Commissioned ranks. Most participants reported a deterioration in their mental health due to COVID-19 and increased risky gambling. These findings indicate that gambling problems and associated harms are significant concerns for serving RAF personnel. Journal Article Addictive Behaviors 126 107200 Elsevier BV 0306-4603 gambling; military; mental health; alcohol use; royal air force 1 3 2022 2022-03-01 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107200 COLLEGE NANME Psychology COLLEGE CODE HPS Swansea University External research funder(s) paid the OA fee (includes OA grants disbursed by the Library) Royal Air Force Benevolent Fund, 2020 2022-01-06T16:15:44.5294576 2021-11-22T14:01:49.0206290 College of Human and Health Sciences Psychology Amy Pritchard 1 Simon Dymond 0000-0003-1319-4492 2 58746__22060__b795c618a7194da6bd02e9016db9679f.pdf 58746.pdf 2022-01-06T16:13:22.8972840 Output 444095 application/pdf Version of Record true © 2021 The Author(s). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license true eng http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
title Gambling problems and associated harms in United Kingdom Royal Air Force personnel
spellingShingle Gambling problems and associated harms in United Kingdom Royal Air Force personnel
Simon Dymond
title_short Gambling problems and associated harms in United Kingdom Royal Air Force personnel
title_full Gambling problems and associated harms in United Kingdom Royal Air Force personnel
title_fullStr Gambling problems and associated harms in United Kingdom Royal Air Force personnel
title_full_unstemmed Gambling problems and associated harms in United Kingdom Royal Air Force personnel
title_sort Gambling problems and associated harms in United Kingdom Royal Air Force personnel
author_id_str_mv 8ed0024546f2588fdb0073a7d6fbc075
author_id_fullname_str_mv 8ed0024546f2588fdb0073a7d6fbc075_***_Simon Dymond
author Simon Dymond
author2 Amy Pritchard
Simon Dymond
format Journal article
container_title Addictive Behaviors
container_volume 126
container_start_page 107200
publishDate 2022
institution Swansea University
issn 0306-4603
doi_str_mv 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107200
publisher Elsevier BV
college_str College of Human and Health Sciences
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hierarchy_top_id collegeofhumanandhealthsciences
hierarchy_top_title College of Human and Health Sciences
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofhumanandhealthsciences
hierarchy_parent_title College of Human and Health Sciences
department_str Psychology{{{_:::_}}}College of Human and Health Sciences{{{_:::_}}}Psychology
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description International evidence indicates that current and ex-military personnel may be at heightened vulnerability to problem gambling. The aim of the present study was to undertake the first survey of gambling experience and potential problems among serving United Kingdom Royal Air Force (RAF) personnel. Our objectives were to survey the frequency of gambling problems, types of gambling activities, examine mental health, alcohol use, and COVID-19-related associations with gambling, and identify potential risk factors among RAF personnel. A cross-sectional, online survey was distributed to all serving RAF personnel in January 2021 and the final dataset consisted of n=2,119 responses. The Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) identified gambling severity, the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) assessed depression, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder assessment (GAD-7) measured anxiety, and alcohol use was assessed with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). Questions relating to COVID-19 asked whether the pandemic had impacted one’s gambling, mental health, and alcohol use. Findings indicated that 12.5% of personnel reported gambling problems, which included 8.0% with PGSI scores indicating low-risk gambling (1-2), 2.9% moderate-risk gambling (3-4), and 1.6% with scores indicating problem gambling (≥8). Most personnel had no symptoms of depression or anxiety, and most experienced lower risk drinking levels. The likelihood of any gambling problem (PGSI≥1) in RAF personnel was associated with age (18-24 years old), male gender, and Non-Commissioned ranks. Most participants reported a deterioration in their mental health due to COVID-19 and increased risky gambling. These findings indicate that gambling problems and associated harms are significant concerns for serving RAF personnel.
published_date 2022-03-01T04:15:37Z
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