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Investigating the influence of physical activity composition on arterial stiffness in youth

Zoe Marshall, Kelly Mackintosh Orcid Logo, Melitta McNarry Orcid Logo

European Journal of Sport Science, Pages: 1 - 8

Swansea University Authors: Zoe Marshall, Kelly Mackintosh Orcid Logo, Melitta McNarry Orcid Logo

  • Accepted Manuscript under embargo until: 9th February 2023

Abstract

Physical activity is beneficial for arterial health in children but less is known about how all daily movement behaviours influence arterial stiffening. Compositional analysis can account for the co-dependent nature of these behaviours and therefore was employed to explore how the movement compositi...

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Published in: European Journal of Sport Science
ISSN: 1746-1391 1536-7290
Published: Informa UK Limited 2022
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa59323
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Compositional analysis can account for the co-dependent nature of these behaviours and therefore was employed to explore how the movement composition influences arterial health. Augmentation index (AIx) and pulse wave velocity were measured cross-sectionally in healthy children (n = 129; 12.4 ± 1.6 years). Time spent in sedentary, light physical activity (LPA), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and asleep were derived from seven-day hip-worn accelerometry. The relative effects of individual behaviours and the overall movement composition on arterial stiffness were explored utilising compositional analysis, with predictive modelling used to predict effects of substituting time between behaviours. Girls (n=45, 12.1 ± 1.5yrs, 20.5 ± 3.6kg·m-2) had a higher AIx (+ 3.94; p &lt; 0.05) and accrued physical activity predominantly in LPA, whereas boys (n=56, 12.6 ± 1.7yrs, 20.6 ± 4.0kg·m-2) accrued physical activity predominantly in MVPA. Individual behaviours and the movement composition were not significant predictors of any measure of arterial stiffness (P &gt; 0.05), and the reallocation of 20-minutes between behaviours did not elicit significant change in arterial stiffness, irrespective of sex (P &gt; 0.05). The reallocation of time to MVPA from any other behaviour did not predict an improvement in arterial stiffness. This highlights the high potential dose of MVPA required to improve arterial health and the complex nature of the determinants of arterial stiffness.Highlights•Movement behaviours in isolation nor combination predicted arterial stiffness in youth.•The reallocation of behaviours from any other behaviour to MVPA did not affect arterial stiffness in youth.•Arterial stiffness is a complex, multidimensional health parameter that does not appear to be primarily determined by physical activity levels or intensity.</abstract><type>Journal Article</type><journal>European Journal of Sport Science</journal><volume>0</volume><journalNumber/><paginationStart>1</paginationStart><paginationEnd>8</paginationEnd><publisher>Informa UK Limited</publisher><placeOfPublication/><isbnPrint/><isbnElectronic/><issnPrint>1746-1391</issnPrint><issnElectronic>1536-7290</issnElectronic><keywords>Compositional analysis, sedentary, sleep, pulse wave velocity, children, adolescents</keywords><publishedDay>1</publishedDay><publishedMonth>3</publishedMonth><publishedYear>2022</publishedYear><publishedDate>2022-03-01</publishedDate><doi>10.1080/17461391.2022.2039304</doi><url/><notes/><college>COLLEGE NANME</college><department>Science and Engineering - Faculty</department><CollegeCode>COLLEGE CODE</CollegeCode><DepartmentCode>FGSEN</DepartmentCode><institution>Swansea University</institution><apcterm/><funders/><projectreference/><lastEdited>2022-07-25T12:41:34.4072048</lastEdited><Created>2022-02-08T08:24:36.0105164</Created><path><level id="1">College of Engineering</level><level id="2">Sports Science</level></path><authors><author><firstname>Zoe</firstname><surname>Marshall</surname><order>1</order></author><author><firstname>Kelly</firstname><surname>Mackintosh</surname><orcid>0000-0003-0355-6357</orcid><order>2</order></author><author><firstname>Melitta</firstname><surname>McNarry</surname><orcid>0000-0003-0813-7477</orcid><order>3</order></author></authors><documents><document><filename>Under embargo</filename><originalFilename>Under embargo</originalFilename><uploaded>2022-02-08T08:27:22.9451784</uploaded><type>Output</type><contentLength>241198</contentLength><contentType>application/pdf</contentType><version>Accepted Manuscript</version><cronfaStatus>true</cronfaStatus><embargoDate>2023-02-09T00:00:00.0000000</embargoDate><documentNotes>Released under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)</documentNotes><copyrightCorrect>true</copyrightCorrect><language>eng</language><licence>https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/</licence></document></documents><OutputDurs/></rfc1807>
spelling v2 59323 2022-02-08 Investigating the influence of physical activity composition on arterial stiffness in youth c5ddb01098ac73242456f06a6b6ed7e2 Zoe Marshall Zoe Marshall true false bdb20e3f31bcccf95c7bc116070c4214 0000-0003-0355-6357 Kelly Mackintosh Kelly Mackintosh true false 062f5697ff59f004bc8c713955988398 0000-0003-0813-7477 Melitta McNarry Melitta McNarry true false 2022-02-08 FGSEN Physical activity is beneficial for arterial health in children but less is known about how all daily movement behaviours influence arterial stiffening. Compositional analysis can account for the co-dependent nature of these behaviours and therefore was employed to explore how the movement composition influences arterial health. Augmentation index (AIx) and pulse wave velocity were measured cross-sectionally in healthy children (n = 129; 12.4 ± 1.6 years). Time spent in sedentary, light physical activity (LPA), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and asleep were derived from seven-day hip-worn accelerometry. The relative effects of individual behaviours and the overall movement composition on arterial stiffness were explored utilising compositional analysis, with predictive modelling used to predict effects of substituting time between behaviours. Girls (n=45, 12.1 ± 1.5yrs, 20.5 ± 3.6kg·m-2) had a higher AIx (+ 3.94; p < 0.05) and accrued physical activity predominantly in LPA, whereas boys (n=56, 12.6 ± 1.7yrs, 20.6 ± 4.0kg·m-2) accrued physical activity predominantly in MVPA. Individual behaviours and the movement composition were not significant predictors of any measure of arterial stiffness (P > 0.05), and the reallocation of 20-minutes between behaviours did not elicit significant change in arterial stiffness, irrespective of sex (P > 0.05). The reallocation of time to MVPA from any other behaviour did not predict an improvement in arterial stiffness. This highlights the high potential dose of MVPA required to improve arterial health and the complex nature of the determinants of arterial stiffness.Highlights•Movement behaviours in isolation nor combination predicted arterial stiffness in youth.•The reallocation of behaviours from any other behaviour to MVPA did not affect arterial stiffness in youth.•Arterial stiffness is a complex, multidimensional health parameter that does not appear to be primarily determined by physical activity levels or intensity. Journal Article European Journal of Sport Science 0 1 8 Informa UK Limited 1746-1391 1536-7290 Compositional analysis, sedentary, sleep, pulse wave velocity, children, adolescents 1 3 2022 2022-03-01 10.1080/17461391.2022.2039304 COLLEGE NANME Science and Engineering - Faculty COLLEGE CODE FGSEN Swansea University 2022-07-25T12:41:34.4072048 2022-02-08T08:24:36.0105164 College of Engineering Sports Science Zoe Marshall 1 Kelly Mackintosh 0000-0003-0355-6357 2 Melitta McNarry 0000-0003-0813-7477 3 Under embargo Under embargo 2022-02-08T08:27:22.9451784 Output 241198 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true 2023-02-09T00:00:00.0000000 Released under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) true eng https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
title Investigating the influence of physical activity composition on arterial stiffness in youth
spellingShingle Investigating the influence of physical activity composition on arterial stiffness in youth
Zoe Marshall
Kelly Mackintosh
Melitta McNarry
title_short Investigating the influence of physical activity composition on arterial stiffness in youth
title_full Investigating the influence of physical activity composition on arterial stiffness in youth
title_fullStr Investigating the influence of physical activity composition on arterial stiffness in youth
title_full_unstemmed Investigating the influence of physical activity composition on arterial stiffness in youth
title_sort Investigating the influence of physical activity composition on arterial stiffness in youth
author_id_str_mv c5ddb01098ac73242456f06a6b6ed7e2
bdb20e3f31bcccf95c7bc116070c4214
062f5697ff59f004bc8c713955988398
author_id_fullname_str_mv c5ddb01098ac73242456f06a6b6ed7e2_***_Zoe Marshall
bdb20e3f31bcccf95c7bc116070c4214_***_Kelly Mackintosh
062f5697ff59f004bc8c713955988398_***_Melitta McNarry
author Zoe Marshall
Kelly Mackintosh
Melitta McNarry
author2 Zoe Marshall
Kelly Mackintosh
Melitta McNarry
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doi_str_mv 10.1080/17461391.2022.2039304
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college_str College of Engineering
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hierarchy_parent_id collegeofengineering
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department_str Sports Science{{{_:::_}}}College of Engineering{{{_:::_}}}Sports Science
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description Physical activity is beneficial for arterial health in children but less is known about how all daily movement behaviours influence arterial stiffening. Compositional analysis can account for the co-dependent nature of these behaviours and therefore was employed to explore how the movement composition influences arterial health. Augmentation index (AIx) and pulse wave velocity were measured cross-sectionally in healthy children (n = 129; 12.4 ± 1.6 years). Time spent in sedentary, light physical activity (LPA), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and asleep were derived from seven-day hip-worn accelerometry. The relative effects of individual behaviours and the overall movement composition on arterial stiffness were explored utilising compositional analysis, with predictive modelling used to predict effects of substituting time between behaviours. Girls (n=45, 12.1 ± 1.5yrs, 20.5 ± 3.6kg·m-2) had a higher AIx (+ 3.94; p < 0.05) and accrued physical activity predominantly in LPA, whereas boys (n=56, 12.6 ± 1.7yrs, 20.6 ± 4.0kg·m-2) accrued physical activity predominantly in MVPA. Individual behaviours and the movement composition were not significant predictors of any measure of arterial stiffness (P > 0.05), and the reallocation of 20-minutes between behaviours did not elicit significant change in arterial stiffness, irrespective of sex (P > 0.05). The reallocation of time to MVPA from any other behaviour did not predict an improvement in arterial stiffness. This highlights the high potential dose of MVPA required to improve arterial health and the complex nature of the determinants of arterial stiffness.Highlights•Movement behaviours in isolation nor combination predicted arterial stiffness in youth.•The reallocation of behaviours from any other behaviour to MVPA did not affect arterial stiffness in youth.•Arterial stiffness is a complex, multidimensional health parameter that does not appear to be primarily determined by physical activity levels or intensity.
published_date 2022-03-01T12:41:32Z
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