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Robust Magnetic γ-Fe2O3/Al–ZnO Adsorbent for Chlorpyriphos Removal in Water

Miryam Boulares, Baha Chamam, Amal Mejri, Mohamed Ali Wahab, Amani Haddouk, Lassaad El Mir, Ahmed Hichem Hamzaoui, Amjad Kallel Orcid Logo, Chedly Tizaoui Orcid Logo, Ismail Trabelsi

Water, Volume: 14, Issue: 7, Start page: 1160

Swansea University Author: Chedly Tizaoui Orcid Logo

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DOI (Published version): 10.3390/w14071160

Abstract

In this research, the removal of the pesticide chlorpyriphos (CPE) from water by adsorption using a novel adsorbent made of γ-Fe2O3/Al-ZnO nanocomposite was studied. The adsorbent was characterized using Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Brunauer-E...

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Published in: Water
ISSN: 2073-4441
Published: MDPI AG 2022
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa59778
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The main parameters affecting the adsorption process, including the initial pH (2&#x2013;12), the concentration of pesticide (10&#x2013;70 ppm), the %Fe2O3 of the adsorbent, and the adsorption time (&#x2264;60 min), were studied. The results demonstrated that the adsorption of CPE depended on the pH, with a maximum removal of 92.3% achieved at around neutral pH. The adsorption isotherm was modelled and the results showed that the Freundlich model fitted the experimental data better than the Langmuir and Temkin models. The kinetics of adsorption were also studied and modelled using the pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order models, with the former being found more suitable. Energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis confirmed the adsorption of CPE on &#x3B3;-Fe2O3/Al-ZnO, while FTIR analysis suggested that the hydroxyl, N-pyridine, and chloro functional groups governed the adsorption mechanism. Furthermore, VSM analysis revealed that the magnetization saturation of &#x3B3;-Fe2O3/Al-ZnO nanocomposite, after CPE adsorption, was slightly lower than that of fresh &#x3B3;-Fe2O3/Al-ZnO but remained adequate for the efficient separation of the adsorbent simply using a magnet. This study demonstrates that binary &#x3B3;-Fe2O3/Al-ZnO magnetic nanocomposites are effective for the removal of chlorpyriphos and could be highly promising materials for the removal of emerging pollutants in wastewater.</abstract><type>Journal Article</type><journal>Water</journal><volume>14</volume><journalNumber>7</journalNumber><paginationStart>1160</paginationStart><paginationEnd/><publisher>MDPI AG</publisher><placeOfPublication/><isbnPrint/><isbnElectronic/><issnPrint/><issnElectronic>2073-4441</issnElectronic><keywords>nanocomposites; magnetic adsorption; chlorpyriphos; pesticides; isotherm and kinetic</keywords><publishedDay>4</publishedDay><publishedMonth>4</publishedMonth><publishedYear>2022</publishedYear><publishedDate>2022-04-04</publishedDate><doi>10.3390/w14071160</doi><url/><notes/><college>COLLEGE NANME</college><department>Chemical Engineering</department><CollegeCode>COLLEGE CODE</CollegeCode><DepartmentCode>CHEG</DepartmentCode><institution>Swansea University</institution><apcterm/><lastEdited>2022-05-13T11:53:19.0131361</lastEdited><Created>2022-04-07T16:13:30.0252688</Created><path><level id="1">College of Engineering</level><level id="2">Engineering</level></path><authors><author><firstname>Miryam</firstname><surname>Boulares</surname><order>1</order></author><author><firstname>Baha</firstname><surname>Chamam</surname><order>2</order></author><author><firstname>Amal</firstname><surname>Mejri</surname><order>3</order></author><author><firstname>Mohamed Ali</firstname><surname>Wahab</surname><order>4</order></author><author><firstname>Amani</firstname><surname>Haddouk</surname><order>5</order></author><author><firstname>Lassaad El</firstname><surname>Mir</surname><order>6</order></author><author><firstname>Ahmed Hichem</firstname><surname>Hamzaoui</surname><order>7</order></author><author><firstname>Amjad</firstname><surname>Kallel</surname><orcid>0000-0003-0167-0228</orcid><order>8</order></author><author><firstname>Chedly</firstname><surname>Tizaoui</surname><orcid>0000-0003-2159-7881</orcid><order>9</order></author><author><firstname>Ismail</firstname><surname>Trabelsi</surname><order>10</order></author></authors><documents><document><filename>59778__23791__6974f44c5f6146aba9e1d9af82f29f00.pdf</filename><originalFilename>59778.pdf</originalFilename><uploaded>2022-04-07T16:17:02.0749485</uploaded><type>Output</type><contentLength>4158467</contentLength><contentType>application/pdf</contentType><version>Version of Record</version><cronfaStatus>true</cronfaStatus><documentNotes>&#xA9; 2022 by the authors.This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license</documentNotes><copyrightCorrect>true</copyrightCorrect><language>eng</language><licence>https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/</licence></document></documents><OutputDurs/></rfc1807>
spelling 2022-05-13T11:53:19.0131361 v2 59778 2022-04-07 Robust Magnetic γ-Fe2O3/Al–ZnO Adsorbent for Chlorpyriphos Removal in Water 4b34a0286d3c0b0b081518fa6987031d 0000-0003-2159-7881 Chedly Tizaoui Chedly Tizaoui true false 2022-04-07 CHEG In this research, the removal of the pesticide chlorpyriphos (CPE) from water by adsorption using a novel adsorbent made of γ-Fe2O3/Al-ZnO nanocomposite was studied. The adsorbent was characterized using Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area, and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). The main parameters affecting the adsorption process, including the initial pH (2–12), the concentration of pesticide (10–70 ppm), the %Fe2O3 of the adsorbent, and the adsorption time (≤60 min), were studied. The results demonstrated that the adsorption of CPE depended on the pH, with a maximum removal of 92.3% achieved at around neutral pH. The adsorption isotherm was modelled and the results showed that the Freundlich model fitted the experimental data better than the Langmuir and Temkin models. The kinetics of adsorption were also studied and modelled using the pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order models, with the former being found more suitable. Energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis confirmed the adsorption of CPE on γ-Fe2O3/Al-ZnO, while FTIR analysis suggested that the hydroxyl, N-pyridine, and chloro functional groups governed the adsorption mechanism. Furthermore, VSM analysis revealed that the magnetization saturation of γ-Fe2O3/Al-ZnO nanocomposite, after CPE adsorption, was slightly lower than that of fresh γ-Fe2O3/Al-ZnO but remained adequate for the efficient separation of the adsorbent simply using a magnet. This study demonstrates that binary γ-Fe2O3/Al-ZnO magnetic nanocomposites are effective for the removal of chlorpyriphos and could be highly promising materials for the removal of emerging pollutants in wastewater. Journal Article Water 14 7 1160 MDPI AG 2073-4441 nanocomposites; magnetic adsorption; chlorpyriphos; pesticides; isotherm and kinetic 4 4 2022 2022-04-04 10.3390/w14071160 COLLEGE NANME Chemical Engineering COLLEGE CODE CHEG Swansea University 2022-05-13T11:53:19.0131361 2022-04-07T16:13:30.0252688 College of Engineering Engineering Miryam Boulares 1 Baha Chamam 2 Amal Mejri 3 Mohamed Ali Wahab 4 Amani Haddouk 5 Lassaad El Mir 6 Ahmed Hichem Hamzaoui 7 Amjad Kallel 0000-0003-0167-0228 8 Chedly Tizaoui 0000-0003-2159-7881 9 Ismail Trabelsi 10 59778__23791__6974f44c5f6146aba9e1d9af82f29f00.pdf 59778.pdf 2022-04-07T16:17:02.0749485 Output 4158467 application/pdf Version of Record true © 2022 by the authors.This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license true eng https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
title Robust Magnetic γ-Fe2O3/Al–ZnO Adsorbent for Chlorpyriphos Removal in Water
spellingShingle Robust Magnetic γ-Fe2O3/Al–ZnO Adsorbent for Chlorpyriphos Removal in Water
Chedly Tizaoui
title_short Robust Magnetic γ-Fe2O3/Al–ZnO Adsorbent for Chlorpyriphos Removal in Water
title_full Robust Magnetic γ-Fe2O3/Al–ZnO Adsorbent for Chlorpyriphos Removal in Water
title_fullStr Robust Magnetic γ-Fe2O3/Al–ZnO Adsorbent for Chlorpyriphos Removal in Water
title_full_unstemmed Robust Magnetic γ-Fe2O3/Al–ZnO Adsorbent for Chlorpyriphos Removal in Water
title_sort Robust Magnetic γ-Fe2O3/Al–ZnO Adsorbent for Chlorpyriphos Removal in Water
author_id_str_mv 4b34a0286d3c0b0b081518fa6987031d
author_id_fullname_str_mv 4b34a0286d3c0b0b081518fa6987031d_***_Chedly Tizaoui
author Chedly Tizaoui
author2 Miryam Boulares
Baha Chamam
Amal Mejri
Mohamed Ali Wahab
Amani Haddouk
Lassaad El Mir
Ahmed Hichem Hamzaoui
Amjad Kallel
Chedly Tizaoui
Ismail Trabelsi
format Journal article
container_title Water
container_volume 14
container_issue 7
container_start_page 1160
publishDate 2022
institution Swansea University
issn 2073-4441
doi_str_mv 10.3390/w14071160
publisher MDPI AG
college_str College of Engineering
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hierarchy_top_title College of Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_parent_title College of Engineering
department_str Engineering{{{_:::_}}}College of Engineering{{{_:::_}}}Engineering
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description In this research, the removal of the pesticide chlorpyriphos (CPE) from water by adsorption using a novel adsorbent made of γ-Fe2O3/Al-ZnO nanocomposite was studied. The adsorbent was characterized using Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area, and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). The main parameters affecting the adsorption process, including the initial pH (2–12), the concentration of pesticide (10–70 ppm), the %Fe2O3 of the adsorbent, and the adsorption time (≤60 min), were studied. The results demonstrated that the adsorption of CPE depended on the pH, with a maximum removal of 92.3% achieved at around neutral pH. The adsorption isotherm was modelled and the results showed that the Freundlich model fitted the experimental data better than the Langmuir and Temkin models. The kinetics of adsorption were also studied and modelled using the pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order models, with the former being found more suitable. Energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis confirmed the adsorption of CPE on γ-Fe2O3/Al-ZnO, while FTIR analysis suggested that the hydroxyl, N-pyridine, and chloro functional groups governed the adsorption mechanism. Furthermore, VSM analysis revealed that the magnetization saturation of γ-Fe2O3/Al-ZnO nanocomposite, after CPE adsorption, was slightly lower than that of fresh γ-Fe2O3/Al-ZnO but remained adequate for the efficient separation of the adsorbent simply using a magnet. This study demonstrates that binary γ-Fe2O3/Al-ZnO magnetic nanocomposites are effective for the removal of chlorpyriphos and could be highly promising materials for the removal of emerging pollutants in wastewater.
published_date 2022-04-04T04:17:12Z
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