No Cover Image

Journal article 36 views 4 downloads

Comparing Auditory and Visual Distractions for Reducing Pain Severity and Pain Anxiety in Older Outpatients with Burn: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Yaghob Moradipoor, Nahid Rejeh, Majideh Heravi Karimooi Orcid Logo, Seyed Davood Tadrisi, Mostafa Dahmardehei, Tahereh Bahrami, Mojtaba Vaismoradi

Geriatrics, Volume: 7, Issue: 3, Start page: 54

Swansea University Author: Mojtaba Vaismoradi

  • geriatrics-07-00054-v2.pdf

    PDF | Version of Record

    © 2022 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license

    Download (577.96KB)

Abstract

Pain and anxiety are major issues among older patients with burn injuries. Complementary medicine and non-pharmacological methods can relieve pain and anxiety in older people, but comparison of the effects of these methods needs further research. This study aimed to compare the effects of auditory a...

Full description

Published in: Geriatrics
ISSN: 2308-3417
Published: MDPI AG 2022
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa59953
Tags: Add Tag
No Tags, Be the first to tag this record!
first_indexed 2022-05-05T06:58:25Z
last_indexed 2022-05-27T03:33:43Z
id cronfa59953
recordtype SURis
fullrecord <?xml version="1.0"?><rfc1807><datestamp>2022-05-26T11:26:43.2854829</datestamp><bib-version>v2</bib-version><id>59953</id><entry>2022-05-05</entry><title>Comparing Auditory and Visual Distractions for Reducing Pain Severity and Pain Anxiety in Older Outpatients with Burn: A Randomized Controlled Trial</title><swanseaauthors><author><sid>b865b33654e99f5cbccdb11350f7b069</sid><firstname>Mojtaba</firstname><surname>Vaismoradi</surname><name>Mojtaba Vaismoradi</name><active>true</active><ethesisStudent>false</ethesisStudent></author></swanseaauthors><date>2022-05-05</date><deptcode>FGMHL</deptcode><abstract>Pain and anxiety are major issues among older patients with burn injuries. Complementary medicine and non-pharmacological methods can relieve pain and anxiety in older people, but comparison of the effects of these methods needs further research. This study aimed to compare the effects of auditory and visual distractions on pain severity and pain anxiety in older outpatients referred to a burn clinic for dressing change. In this randomized controlled clinical trial, older men were randomly assigned to three groups as auditory distraction, visual distraction, and control (n = 45 in each group). The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and the Burn Specific Pain Anxiety Scale (BSPAS) were used to asses pain severity and pain anxiety before and immediately after the interventions, and after wound dressing. Reduction in pain severity and pain anxiety after visual distraction was reported. Auditory distraction only reduced pain anxiety. Therefore, visual distraction had a better effect on alleviating pain anxiety compared with auditory distraction. Visual distraction is suggested to be used during dressing changes for older outpatients with burn injuries in outpatient clinics in order to reduce their burn-related suffering and improve their collaboration with the therapeutic regimen.</abstract><type>Journal Article</type><journal>Geriatrics</journal><volume>7</volume><journalNumber>3</journalNumber><paginationStart>54</paginationStart><paginationEnd/><publisher>MDPI AG</publisher><placeOfPublication/><isbnPrint/><isbnElectronic/><issnPrint/><issnElectronic>2308-3417</issnElectronic><keywords>anxiety; burn; distraction; dressing change; older people; pain</keywords><publishedDay>30</publishedDay><publishedMonth>4</publishedMonth><publishedYear>2022</publishedYear><publishedDate>2022-04-30</publishedDate><doi>10.3390/geriatrics7030054</doi><url/><notes/><college>COLLEGE NANME</college><department>Medicine, Health and Life Science - Faculty</department><CollegeCode>COLLEGE CODE</CollegeCode><DepartmentCode>FGMHL</DepartmentCode><institution>Swansea University</institution><apcterm>Another institution paid the OA fee</apcterm><funders>Nord University; Shahed University (decree code: IR.SHAHED.REC.1398.049).</funders><lastEdited>2022-05-26T11:26:43.2854829</lastEdited><Created>2022-05-05T07:52:37.1191917</Created><path><level id="1">College of Human and Health Sciences</level><level id="2">Nursing</level></path><authors><author><firstname>Yaghob</firstname><surname>Moradipoor</surname><order>1</order></author><author><firstname>Nahid</firstname><surname>Rejeh</surname><order>2</order></author><author><firstname>Majideh Heravi</firstname><surname>Karimooi</surname><orcid>0000-0003-3863-2655</orcid><order>3</order></author><author><firstname>Seyed Davood</firstname><surname>Tadrisi</surname><order>4</order></author><author><firstname>Mostafa</firstname><surname>Dahmardehei</surname><order>5</order></author><author><firstname>Tahereh</firstname><surname>Bahrami</surname><order>6</order></author><author><firstname>Mojtaba</firstname><surname>Vaismoradi</surname><order>7</order></author></authors><documents><document><filename>59953__23980__968df3a825dc4346891f8c205c118733.pdf</filename><originalFilename>geriatrics-07-00054-v2.pdf</originalFilename><uploaded>2022-05-05T07:57:08.5588812</uploaded><type>Output</type><contentLength>591832</contentLength><contentType>application/pdf</contentType><version>Version of Record</version><cronfaStatus>true</cronfaStatus><documentNotes>&#xA9; 2022 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license</documentNotes><copyrightCorrect>true</copyrightCorrect><language>eng</language><licence>https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/</licence></document></documents><OutputDurs/></rfc1807>
spelling 2022-05-26T11:26:43.2854829 v2 59953 2022-05-05 Comparing Auditory and Visual Distractions for Reducing Pain Severity and Pain Anxiety in Older Outpatients with Burn: A Randomized Controlled Trial b865b33654e99f5cbccdb11350f7b069 Mojtaba Vaismoradi Mojtaba Vaismoradi true false 2022-05-05 FGMHL Pain and anxiety are major issues among older patients with burn injuries. Complementary medicine and non-pharmacological methods can relieve pain and anxiety in older people, but comparison of the effects of these methods needs further research. This study aimed to compare the effects of auditory and visual distractions on pain severity and pain anxiety in older outpatients referred to a burn clinic for dressing change. In this randomized controlled clinical trial, older men were randomly assigned to three groups as auditory distraction, visual distraction, and control (n = 45 in each group). The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and the Burn Specific Pain Anxiety Scale (BSPAS) were used to asses pain severity and pain anxiety before and immediately after the interventions, and after wound dressing. Reduction in pain severity and pain anxiety after visual distraction was reported. Auditory distraction only reduced pain anxiety. Therefore, visual distraction had a better effect on alleviating pain anxiety compared with auditory distraction. Visual distraction is suggested to be used during dressing changes for older outpatients with burn injuries in outpatient clinics in order to reduce their burn-related suffering and improve their collaboration with the therapeutic regimen. Journal Article Geriatrics 7 3 54 MDPI AG 2308-3417 anxiety; burn; distraction; dressing change; older people; pain 30 4 2022 2022-04-30 10.3390/geriatrics7030054 COLLEGE NANME Medicine, Health and Life Science - Faculty COLLEGE CODE FGMHL Swansea University Another institution paid the OA fee Nord University; Shahed University (decree code: IR.SHAHED.REC.1398.049). 2022-05-26T11:26:43.2854829 2022-05-05T07:52:37.1191917 College of Human and Health Sciences Nursing Yaghob Moradipoor 1 Nahid Rejeh 2 Majideh Heravi Karimooi 0000-0003-3863-2655 3 Seyed Davood Tadrisi 4 Mostafa Dahmardehei 5 Tahereh Bahrami 6 Mojtaba Vaismoradi 7 59953__23980__968df3a825dc4346891f8c205c118733.pdf geriatrics-07-00054-v2.pdf 2022-05-05T07:57:08.5588812 Output 591832 application/pdf Version of Record true © 2022 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license true eng https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
title Comparing Auditory and Visual Distractions for Reducing Pain Severity and Pain Anxiety in Older Outpatients with Burn: A Randomized Controlled Trial
spellingShingle Comparing Auditory and Visual Distractions for Reducing Pain Severity and Pain Anxiety in Older Outpatients with Burn: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Mojtaba Vaismoradi
title_short Comparing Auditory and Visual Distractions for Reducing Pain Severity and Pain Anxiety in Older Outpatients with Burn: A Randomized Controlled Trial
title_full Comparing Auditory and Visual Distractions for Reducing Pain Severity and Pain Anxiety in Older Outpatients with Burn: A Randomized Controlled Trial
title_fullStr Comparing Auditory and Visual Distractions for Reducing Pain Severity and Pain Anxiety in Older Outpatients with Burn: A Randomized Controlled Trial
title_full_unstemmed Comparing Auditory and Visual Distractions for Reducing Pain Severity and Pain Anxiety in Older Outpatients with Burn: A Randomized Controlled Trial
title_sort Comparing Auditory and Visual Distractions for Reducing Pain Severity and Pain Anxiety in Older Outpatients with Burn: A Randomized Controlled Trial
author_id_str_mv b865b33654e99f5cbccdb11350f7b069
author_id_fullname_str_mv b865b33654e99f5cbccdb11350f7b069_***_Mojtaba Vaismoradi
author Mojtaba Vaismoradi
author2 Yaghob Moradipoor
Nahid Rejeh
Majideh Heravi Karimooi
Seyed Davood Tadrisi
Mostafa Dahmardehei
Tahereh Bahrami
Mojtaba Vaismoradi
format Journal article
container_title Geriatrics
container_volume 7
container_issue 3
container_start_page 54
publishDate 2022
institution Swansea University
issn 2308-3417
doi_str_mv 10.3390/geriatrics7030054
publisher MDPI AG
college_str College of Human and Health Sciences
hierarchytype
hierarchy_top_id collegeofhumanandhealthsciences
hierarchy_top_title College of Human and Health Sciences
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofhumanandhealthsciences
hierarchy_parent_title College of Human and Health Sciences
department_str Nursing{{{_:::_}}}College of Human and Health Sciences{{{_:::_}}}Nursing
document_store_str 1
active_str 0
description Pain and anxiety are major issues among older patients with burn injuries. Complementary medicine and non-pharmacological methods can relieve pain and anxiety in older people, but comparison of the effects of these methods needs further research. This study aimed to compare the effects of auditory and visual distractions on pain severity and pain anxiety in older outpatients referred to a burn clinic for dressing change. In this randomized controlled clinical trial, older men were randomly assigned to three groups as auditory distraction, visual distraction, and control (n = 45 in each group). The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and the Burn Specific Pain Anxiety Scale (BSPAS) were used to asses pain severity and pain anxiety before and immediately after the interventions, and after wound dressing. Reduction in pain severity and pain anxiety after visual distraction was reported. Auditory distraction only reduced pain anxiety. Therefore, visual distraction had a better effect on alleviating pain anxiety compared with auditory distraction. Visual distraction is suggested to be used during dressing changes for older outpatients with burn injuries in outpatient clinics in order to reduce their burn-related suffering and improve their collaboration with the therapeutic regimen.
published_date 2022-04-30T04:17:28Z
_version_ 1737028061281386496
score 10.8881445