No Cover Image

Journal article 22 views 3 downloads

The Confusion of the Symbol and That Which Is Symbolised: Religion, the Nation State, Politics and Society

Richard Startup

Open Journal of Philosophy, Volume: 12, Issue: 01, Pages: 54 - 68

Swansea University Author: Richard Startup

  • 61381_VoR.pdf

    PDF | Version of Record

    Copyright © 2022 by author(s) and Scientific Research Publishing Inc. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY 4.0)

    Download (289.87KB)

Abstract

The extent of confusion between symbols and that which is symbolised is examined across five institutional spheres. Religion is the institution most marked by confusion of this type; indeed in some respects the symbolic message of religion may be the extent of the substantive reality. On the other h...

Full description

Published in: Open Journal of Philosophy
ISSN: 2163-9434 2163-9442
Published: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. 2022
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa61381
Tags: Add Tag
No Tags, Be the first to tag this record!
Abstract: The extent of confusion between symbols and that which is symbolised is examined across five institutional spheres. Religion is the institution most marked by confusion of this type; indeed in some respects the symbolic message of religion may be the extent of the substantive reality. On the other hand, the very existence of the nation state may be judged to depend upon the exercise of the human imagination; hence providing a source of instability which may lead to the excesses of nationalism. In regard to social status, the main problematical element is a certain circularity: it is necessary to get people to exhibit differences in behaviour which are then used to justify or constitute the status differences themselves. In politics, the symbolism of left and right threatens to strangle creative thinking, while in education the tendency on all sides to orient towards public systems of measurement and grading undermines the claim that what is really important is pupil and student learning. A social cost is being paid for the failure to recognise and, where possible, address the issues identified.
Keywords: Symbol and Symbolised, Religious Symbols, Nation and Nationalism, Social Status, Left and Right in Politics, Making the Grade in Education
College: College of Science
Issue: 01
Start Page: 54
End Page: 68