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A micropolar shell model for hard‐magnetic soft materials
International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, Volume: 124, Issue: 8
Swansea University Author: Mokarram Hossain
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Hard-magnetic soft materials (HMSMs) are particulate composites that particles with high coercivity are dispersed in a soft matrix. Since applying the magnetic loading induces a body couple in HMSMs, the resulting Cauchy stress is predicted to be asymmetric. Therefore, the micropolar continuum theor...
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Hard-magnetic soft materials (HMSMs) are particulate composites that particles with high coercivity are dispersed in a soft matrix. Since applying the magnetic loading induces a body couple in HMSMs, the resulting Cauchy stress is predicted to be asymmetric. Therefore, the micropolar continuum theory can be employed to capture the deformation of these materials. On the other hand, the geometries and structures made of HMSMs often possess small thickness compared to the overall dimensions of the body. Accordingly, in the present contribution, a 10-parameter micropolar shell formulation to model the finite elastic deformation of thin hard-magnetic soft structures under magnetic stimuli is developed. The proposed shell formulation allows for using three-dimensional constitutive laws without any need for modification to apply the plane stress assumption in thin structures. A nonlinear finite element formulation is also presented for the numerical solution of the governing equations. To alleviate the locking phenomenon, the enhanced assumed strain method is employed. Several examples are presented that demonstrate the performance and effectiveness of the proposed formulation.
magneto-elasticity, micropolar, 10-parameter shell model, HMSM, FEM
Faculty of Science and Engineering
Engineering and Physical SciencesResearch Council, Grant/Award Number:EP/R511614/1; Supergen ORE Hub,Grant/Award Number: EP/S000747/1;Flexible Fund project Submerged bi-axialfatigue analysis for flexible membraneWave Energy Converters, Grant/AwardNumber: FF2021-1036